V.I. Warshawski herself, as a woman, although is a perfect example of the hardboiled detective, she also shares some frail and sensitive qualities of females. There are many women characters in Killing Orders, but none of them act as femme fatale, or act as a threat to the detective as they did in the traditional noir detective fiction. They are more independent in Killing Orders. Similar to traditional noir detective fiction, there are many social reference in the book revealed the corruption of the society.
Outline and assess feminist explanations of crime and deviance. Feminist views toward crime and deviance usually challenge the theories, concepts, methods and assumptions of most of the people already involved in the study of crime. They believe that in most condition men dominate the subject of crime and validate more on the male subject. Feminist essentially outline that most crime is caused by men as they appear to offend six or seven times more than a women and through figures such as self-report studies men are still the majority. Crime and deviance is an issue in society however due to women being socially controlled within the patriarchal society it means they are less like to commit crime and therefore have a lower rate.
In the 1970s rape was widely seen as a sexual act of uncontrollable lust, not an act of violence. Critical to the concept of rape was the concept of women's "chastity." In traditional rape ideology, an "unchaste" (sexually experienced) woman lacked credibility and/or must have "wanted it" or consented. Only white women could be "chaste"; the law presumed that Black and probably other women of color were "unchaste." The historical treatment of rape charges often stemmed from men's extreme distrust of women when the alleged perpetrator was white (Wriggins).
Rape culture can be found around the world, especially in India as the article mentions. Most people realize that rape culture is ultimately caused by men’s inability to suppress their urges. But there are people who say that is the women’s fault. E.J. Graff asks, “Why was she out so late at night, provoking men into rage by being openly female?” People blame women for being out so late and night, and it seems like women want men to enjoy them.
In this essay I will explore the fundamental reasons why there is a significant difference between crime rates concerning men and women and I will also give reasons why men seem to commit more crimes on the surface and why women seem to commit less crime. I will base my Sociological concepts on Heidensohn but I will also use ideas from Pollack, Adler, Smart etc. The official crime statistics show how recorded crime tends to be a predominantly ‘masculine activity’. One explanation as to why there was a significant difference in patterns of crime concerning gender could be because Sociologists tended to focus on male criminality. Heidensohn (1985) said that female crime was either overlooked or ignored by sociologists or sociologists would merely assume stereotypical ideas on females regarding their criminal activity, for example, they would be too busy cooking and cleaning to have time to take part in crime, whereas men are stereotypically the bread-winners which means they are out in public more and so would have more opportunity to commit crime than women.
It is a known cultural difference that men usually dominate the world. There are many times when women are abused that they do not file charges against their assailants. Some of the governing assumptions that strengthen the mainstream explanation of the intimate abuse that many women face are as follows: First, men batter women because they are privileged, physically, financially, and socially; it is under the assumption in this belief that we need not understand the violence behind men’s violence beyond that point of the patriarchal explanation. Second, women stay in abusive relationships because of patriarchy. Third, the criminal justice system is sexist.
That is wrong in every way and goes against our given rights. It is also interesting to think that these inmates are incarcerated for crimes, yet the rape crimes the guards commit on them are probably worse than what the inmate is even there for. Our prison system has helped make torture seem like a normal, even routine part of American
12 2 gender and crime Frances Heidensohn and Marisa Silvestri introduction Men commit crime at higher rates than women, are involved in more serious and violent ofending, and are more prone to recidivism. While this statement has been called ‘one of the few undisputed “facts” of criminology’ (Lauritsen et al. 2009: 362) it was an unconsidered one for much of the subject’s history. hat it is now a central and much debated matter is due largely to the advent of feminist criminology which took this ‘gender gap’ in recorded crime as one of its key themes. Gender is now an established and central topic in criminology and studies of criminal justice (Heidensohn, forthcoming).
But overwhelmingly, the crimes were petty and many believed police officers only arrested them to give the local news media a show. After all, it was fairly indecent for women to walk around city streets waving their bras. This was a boon for the local and national media outlets. Overwhelmingly though, the amount of crime caused by women because of social inequality is minimal and not a great source of consternation to local, state, and national law enforcement. Social inequality based on cultural practices is much more prevalent however.
For one reason or another, rapist are usually portrayed as a stranger, his motivation is entirely sexual, and the victim is always a young and sexy female. The truth is not all rapes are the same. The victim doesn't have to be a young beautiful female, older woman, men, and kids also get raped. The victims, rapists, and motivation can be very different depending on the one who is committing the crime. Date rape is a notorious and uncertain crime.