Report Dementia Essay

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Dementia Report Sources: www.nhs.uk www.alzheimers.org.uk What is Dementia? Dementia is a syndrome, meaning a group of related symptoms. It's associated with a continuous decline of the abilities that the brain is capable of, eg. memory, understanding and judgement. In most cases, dementia is caused by damage to the structure of the brain. There are several types of dementia, some very common and some much rarer. Different types of dementia: Alzheimer's disease Vascular dementia Dementia with Lewy bodies Fronto-temporal dementia There are several symptoms of dementia that can be spotted, depending on what type of dementia it is. For example, both Vascular and dementia with Lewy bodies share symptoms such as…show more content…
Alzheimer's is actually a physical disease that affects the brain. As the disease progresses, protein 'plaques' and 'tangles' develop in the structure of the brain, leading to the death of brain cells. Some symptoms can include confusion and forgetfulness, mood swings, becoming more withdrawn and having difficulty carrying out everyday activities. Rarer causes of dementia Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – (CJD) is caused by an infectious protein in the brain called prion. Huntington's disease – this is an inherited disease causing abnormal movements and problems with coordination, together with cognitive impairment. Niemann-Pick disease type C – is one of a group of rare inherited disorders. It is caused by the inability of the body to deal with cholesterol. Normal pressure hydrocephalus – caused when excess fluid accumulates in the brain, cusing pressure to build up in the brain tissue. HIV-related cognitive impairment and dementia – this is an infection that weakens the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight infections and disease, causing a number of different problems with the brain, including mild cognitive complaints and
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