The Renaissance in 14th-17th Europe was a period of cultural rebirth and revival. Many significant new ideas arose during this movement, and these ideas were most proficiently expressed in Italy. With Florence as the cultural and artistic capital of Europe, Italian “Renaissance men” embodied the principles of the humanism movement. Through arts and science, Renaissance ideas were successfully conveyed in the Italian Renaissance. Art was a crucial aspect of expressing Renaissance ideas.
Both of these events mark major turning points in the Western World. They helped bring the Western World back to the top of the world, and helped it regain its influence over the rest of the world. Many events led to the start of the Renaissance for at the time Europe was still in turmoil from Feudalism and the Black Plague. Primarily, the Renaissance began in the Italian city-states for many reasons. The Italian city- states would not under feudal control at the time the Renaissance began, so they were allowed them greater cultural and economic freedom.
 There was also a rise of leisure time, emergence of an urban middle class, technological advances, and an increase of wages. The twenties saw an increase of consumer spending. Many wages were spent on cars, radios, and household appliances. The economy was booming. Workers were making enough money to have some leisure spending and time, and industries were taking advantage of this by catering to these new audiences.
The president had virtually no authority, and the council spent most of its time arguing and not actually accomplishing any governing. The next problem that Morgan brings to attention is a combination of laziness and the makeup of the population. When the colonists first arrived to Jamestown they functioned as a socialist like community. The colonists farmed as a whole and everyone was given equal portions of the crop, so this was not boost to plant and farm as much as possible. “The work a man did bore no direct relation to his reward.
The Dark-Middle Ages Although the Dark Ages are known to have ended in the year 1066, the coming of the Middle ages did little to enlighten a dark Europe. In Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, the Middle Ages were portrayed as a dark and destitute period in history due to the lack of an altruistic society, the corruption within the institution of the Roman Church, and through the glorification of war and violence. Despite the arrival of a new age, the animalistic culture of the Dark Ages persisted. The Middle Ages was a time where one’s own welfare was all that mattered, and any sense of altruism in Middle Age society was virtually non-existent. Despite the ever-present crimes of the time, which included thefts, kidnappings, and murders, there was no institution to combat communal harms.
Unification also led to economic development and was thereby supported by conservative Politicians. The unification of Italy led to an improvement in the country’s economy and political aspects. Unification is good for a country; it leads to a larger market, more uniform currency, manufacturing standards, and reduction or elimination of tariffs. One of the factors of unification is nationalism. Nationalism is the strong
Renaissance Period The Renaissance was a great cultural movement that began in Italy during the early 1400’s. It spread to England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and other countries in the late 1400’s and ended in the 1700’s. It is one of the most beautiful, names in history(Wikipedia 1). It is beautiful because it shows an awakening of awareness. During this period of time, the modern world was born as Gutenberg perfected printing, Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas, Copernicus found that the earth revolved around the sun, Martin Luther founded a new religion, the use of the cannon and the harquebus ended chivalry and da Vinci and Michelangelo created a new form of art.
Many artists, designers, and architects were excited by new technologies and lifestyles, while others retreated into the past, embracing the spirit world, fantasy, and myth. Art Nouveau was a response to the radical changes caused by the rapid urban growth and technological advances that followed the Industrial Revolution. art Art Nouveau was more than a mere style. It was a way of thinking about modern society and new production methods. It was an attempt to redefine the meaning and nature of the work of art.
The church was the only source of education; one can gain universal moral guidance only through the church. The practice of war was also a main factor during that period. The old central organization forces tradition of war that was common in ancient regimes such as Assyria, Sparta, or Rome had been rejected. “The Europeans worked from below, assembling whatever capacity they had for warfare in the locality.” Everybody was not able to join the military due to financial stability. Potent people like landowner join because they were able to afford the materials needed.
The Renaissance The Renaissance was a time period of extensive cultural rebirth. It was the first step towards “the emergence of modern identity and individuality” (Brotton 1). It is important to understand that there was not only one Renaissance. While most history textbooks focus on the major renaissance centered in Italy, Brotton explains that there were renaissances in the Islamic and South-East Asian worlds as well as others that overlapped with the Italian Renaissance. Enveloped in this worldly reform was the start of a new ideology known as Renaissance Humanism.