Renaissance Painting Output of Florence

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The Renaissance was a cultural movement in 1450-1600 which began in Italy in the late middle ages and then spread to the rest of Europe. The changes which we associate with the renaissance began in the town of Florence and continued to be most persistent there. The city's writers, painters and architects all made Florence a model of Renaissance culture. Fifteenth-century Florence was an exciting place to be. In 1425 the city had a population of 60,000 and was a self-governed, independent city-state. The only bigger cities in the world were London and Constantinople. Twelve artist guilds that regulated the trades were the basis of Florence's commercial success. The first of Florence’s genius’ was Giotto di Bondone (1266 -1337) who was born in the village of Vespignano near Florence. His father was a small land farmer and Giorgio Vasari, one of Giotto’s first biographers, tells how Cimabue, a well-known Florentine painter, discovered Giotto’s talents. Apparently Cimabue noticed Giotto sketching one of his father’s sheep on a flat rock and was so impressed with his talent that he persuaded the father to let Giotto become his pupil. Giotto is a great example of the greatness of Renaissance artists in Florence as he was one of the first, if not the first, artist in the world to bring about the change to Renaissance art. He evolved a whole new modern and realistic style. He introduced lifelike figures and used light and shade to a level which was more advanced than ever. He had a strong contrast of colour and good colour balance. By no means did he perfect any of these innovations however he did revive them; shaking of the Byzantine influence on art. He did not have much success with perspective but he did attempt to use it which was bound to have an influence on later artists to use the same technique. We can see that he made an effort as figures fade in the
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