After the Renaissance, the race was on for “God, gold, and glory”. The age of exploration was rooted in, and enabled by, new technologies. Ideas growing out of the Renaissance nurtured the collective motivations of Europeans to explore. The Europeans in fact had several different motives to begin exploring. The motives were both spiritual and material.
Columbus’s courage and curiosity sparked the movement of exploration. Christopher Columbus discovered the continent of North America, doubling the size of the World as it was known, and overturning the notion that the world was flat. If it weren't for Columbus's discovery of the "New World" we would not have found America when he did. By discovering the Americas, Columbus opened up the region for colonization and exploitation by Europeans. All the cultures were technologically stuck in the Stone Age,and ,combined with their lack of immunity to European diseases meant that these civilizations were overrun and conquered by Europeans.
The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called by the Pope, with the main goal of restoring Christian control of the Holy Land. The crusaders came from all over western Europe. The main series of Crusades occurred between 1095 and 1291, although many unnumbered crusades were taken up for various reasons. Although the Crusaders were succesful in taking the Holy land, they were unable to keep the land under Christian control. Crusades effected the English people politically, economically, and by exposing the Englishmen to new cultures.
With their previous control in India and Africa, the British nation had the tools in needed to develop into the imperialist power it would. As a result of this prosperity exhibited by the British, other nations felt the need to gain there own global colonies so that they could be deemed just as powerful. This sparked global competition as it began to form during the age of Imperialism. Global Rivalry At this time in Europe, there was a continuous rivalry between the European countries. Previously (after the Napoleonic wars) this balance was overturned.
The Conquistadores Exploration The Conquistadores traveled to the New World for the reasons of wealth and personal glory. They brought the European culture to many well-known parts of the New World. As greedy as the Conquistadores’ reasons for their exploration, they remained loyal to the crown. Their exploration helped build a Spanish empire and proselytize the Catholic religion. Christopher Columbus, well known for “finding” the New World, began Spain’s voyaging into the New World with the support of Isabella and Ferdinand.
Even though at the time being England had control over the seas. This gave mostly liberty for the English to send their people in attempt to start a new order. Another reason that allowed the English to settle in the Americas was the joint stock companies. Their main purpose was to provide funds for the English citizens to start new colonies in which the investors provided. These companies provided a new outlook to the central value system of capitalism and the expectation to discover gold in the Americas.
The invention of paper and the ability to print on it allowed humans to record events, write literature, and easily communicate long distances by sending letters. Another thing Christian left out of his book was the exploration of the new world. I believe that once the Americas were discovered, it became a prime focus of several countries. Thus, starting the colonization period. The discovery of the Americas by Columbus opened many new opportunities for trade between Europe and America.
The Renaissance was a time of great innovation in the world of creativity and education. Many of history’s finest works have come from the Renaissance, whether it was a piece of literature, a work of art or an invention. After the Middle Ages, a period in time when the Church ruled not only opinion but even aspects such as art, people started looking for more meaning in life and not just what happened after death. This secular thinking, which focused more on mankind as opposed to God, was known as humanism. Inspired by the Ancient Greek thinkers and encouraging new ways of thinking and creating, letting artists and inventors push their boundaries, humanism supported education in science and astrology, mathematics and languages.
The European countries at that time were no different. They wished to travel the world in order to find more sources of wealth that may not be available to them in Europe. The crusades actually played a big role in this quest, because they “opened the door of demand for spices and perfumes” (Unit 1, part 1, page 2). Because of this, European nations wanted to take advantage of this new found desire and find new products or resources that could be used for spices. Another way the crusades helped pave the way for exploration was by opening trade routes between the east and west.
With the influx of Muslims the European nations became immersed in their philosophies; many people became frightened by the Muslim influence consequently there was a demand to increase the centralization of the Christian Kingdom which helped to unite Europe. This need to spread Christianity was one of the pivotal factors for the exploration in that time. The Europeans also wanted to establish their own economic links with the east to obtain gold, silver and other precious metals and in so doing they would find new sea routes to Asia. Portugal’s geographic location was ideal for the natural development of a sea fearing tradition. Their position on the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula contributed to them becoming the preeminent European pioneer in maritime exploration of the African coast.