Religious Toleration Dbq

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Beginning in the early 16th century, the Protestant Reformation brought on radical changes that resulted in a break from the Catholic Church for many, and the creation of new religions. Throughout the course of the Reformation from the 16th to 18th centuries, both Protestants and Catholics had strong opinions on religious toleration. Some were tolerant to the other religions, claiming that co-existing with various groups would ensure lasting peace. Others viewed toleration as a practical approach to prevent disorder and disunity. However, there were many who opposed religions that were not their own and declared the people who practiced them as “heretics.” Clearly, there were various perspectives concerning religious during this two-century…show more content…
Many like William, Prince of Orange and Archduke Matthias of Habsburg, declared freedom of religion as a necessity for the Dutch, for disunity would cause their “common enemy (Spain)” to “find it all the easier to harm [them],” while unification would help the Dutch “defend [themselves] against all troubles and dangers” (Doc. 2). Other examples of mild toleration were compromises like the contract between the Catholic Church chapter and the municipal council of the town of Bautzen, Saxony. While Catholics did not unite with Lutherans, they “gave permission for the Lutherans to use the upper gallery in the church” in specific times that were allotted for them (Doc 4). The Catholic Church chapter intended to “maintain good neighborly relations” with the municipal council with further enhances the idea that toleration was needed although not always desired. Another compromise between Catholics and Protestants was the contract with the Franciscan friar Egidius de Glabbairs and Committee of regents of the city of Amsterdam. The committee had authorized a new opening of a Catholic church in Amsterdam under the condition that it the entrance would be “behind an alley, where it is less offensive,” and that “his services begin and end at such times that no offense will be given” (Doc. 9). This further shows the cautious step towards religious toleration. The agreement between Lutheran King Charles XII Sweden and the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I demanded that Lutheranism should no longer be prohibited; however, Lutherans were not allowed to worship publically (Doc 11). These examples clearly show some aspects of toleration, but the approaches seem to be more
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