Was there really a threat to the Elizabethan regime from the Puritans? In 1559, Elizabeth created a religious settlement, which was mainly Protestant, but included many Catholic teachings. In theory, the settlement would end religious controversy and unite the people of the country. However, in practice, this didn't happen, as there was opposition to the settlement, from both Catholics and Puritans. Puritans were extreme Protestants who believed that Elizabeth's religious settlement was not enough – they believed that the Anglican church was still too much like the Roman Catholic Church.
With his support and work on the issue, the first amendment was added to the constitution declaring citizens were not obligated to pay taxes to the established church in order to maintain the church and ministers. Also the people had the freedom to practice their religious beliefs in whatever order they wish. With the first amendment separating the church and state from each other, many worried that religion would become weakened in America. However the results were different from what many expected. Even though many people felt religious beliefs would perish in the nation, Protestants grew stronger in unity as never before.
When Henry wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon (his first wife), the pope wouldn’t allow it, because Catholics don’t allow Divorce, so he declared himself the new supreme head of a new Church of England and became a protestant. Protestants can get a divorce. A lot of people started following this religion, because they were petrified of Henry, but those who didn’t were threatened by him that he would kill them. This was causing England to break from Rome. Henry VIII is most famous for having six wives who were called; Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr.
Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700. Prior to 1700 there was some form of religious tolerance in the Southern and Middle colonies while the New England colonies showed strict religious intolerance. There was hardly any religious tolerance in the New England colonies which was inhabited mostly by Puritans. After separating from the Church of England many of them moved to the New World in order to escape prosecution. The forming of towns and communities together with their strict beliefs, lead to this superior number of Puritans.
Henry VIII vs. John Calvin in the Protestant Reformation In the sixteenth century, stood the reformation of the Catholic Church in Western Europe. While the main focus was an internal renovation of the church, the outcome was much different than expected; the reformation led to a revolt against and an abandonment of principal Christian belief. The difference in the view and act of oneself was different from individual to individual during the reformation. While Calvin left for Geneva in 1536 from France because of the fear of persecution for the publically spread beliefs of his about the Church to the people, Henry VIII had manipulated the church for a way to receive a new wife in hopes for his first son. Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation.
Is religion the root of all evil in global society? I personally disagree that religion is the real reason of all the evil that happens in our world today, and believe that the statement is one of the first quasi attempts to try to understand and to deal with evil. Religion in its essence is just a prescription to a better way of life and a guidance system for the heart and character. Religion is replete with motivation. However, it is just not too obvious and as progressive as it should be and the preachers/religious leaders need higher standards in method and scrutiny to keep up with civilization.
For example in the Lincoln Articles it states that the rebels wanted “an end to suppression of religious houses” and “bishops in England do not have… the faith of Christ”. Furthermore in the Pontefract Articles, it is said that the rebels wanted “the Pope as the Supreme Head of the Church of England”, “to end the heresies within this realm.” This shows that the Pilgrimage was a reaction from the peasants after the Break with Rome. Moreover the rebels marched behind the Five Wounds of Christ, showing that the peasants were heavily influenced by religion. Also, in the 16th century religion held communities together as people prayed and paid for the rituals of the Church, so the dissolution would have affected this. Historian Geoffrey Elton says that the uprising was religious and associated with Catherine of Aragon.
Hence the reason that a part to the petition was that ministers should not to wear gowns. Elizabeth quite liked that aspect to the church but when the puritans knew there was to be a new king, they knew there was a chance they could change the church to be adapted back to the protestant ways. James was known to be interested in church matters and they hoped he would give their petition a serious consideration. Hence the reason that a part to the petition was that ministers should not to wear gowns. This brings me on to a long term issue of the Puritans which lead them to the presenting of the petition.
But that’s not the only reason religion caused the civil war, King Charles believed in the divine right. It was when the king/queen believes that god put them on the throne. So Charles took all the power because of this and Parliament didn’t want to go with his decision which contributes to the civil war. Also he made Scottish churches uses English prayer books which caused riots and England went to battle with Scotland. England lost.
Ideologically, Britian and the Americans had different views on everything. From their government to their religion. King James liked to think he ran the English churches which the English did not like. There were little things like economical views that were causing the American colonies to separate from the British. John Hughes and Benjamin Franklin came up with the Stamp Act which many people did not like.