Relativism and Morality

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Relativism and Morality SOC120: Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility January 13, 2013 Relativism and Morality “Relativism is the idea that one’s beliefs and values are understood in terms of one’s society, culture, or even one’s own individual values” (Mosser, 2010). While reading Lenn Goodman’s “Some Moral Minima”, it is quite evident that he is against demoralizing human beings. He is against any type of treatment that makes the human race unhappy. I will discuss the four main areas that Goodman discusses in his argument. The four main areas that Goodman discusses are: “(1) genocide, politically induced famine, and germ warfare; (2) terrorism, hostage taking, and child warriors; (3) slavery, polygamy, and incest; (4) rape and female genital cutting” (Goodman, 2010). I agree with the arguments that Goodman argues in his paper. I will discuss in more depth the topics he addresses. The first wrongs Goodman discusses are genocide, famine, and germ warfare. “Genocide is the ultimate essentializing of the exotic. It defines a type and assigns it a character, projecting what is inwardly hated or feared onto this fetish” (Goodman, 2010). It is wrong to single out a group of people because of their religion, race, or beliefs. I do not believe that people should die because another race thinks they are better than them. I find that to be one of the most ridiculous things in the world. We all deserve to have a chance at life. A person’s life should not be taken away because of others ignorance. Goodman stated that genocide was much worse than murder. He believed that “the answer lies in the intent, not just the scale of the crime” (Goodman, 2010). In other words, Goodman believed that the people killing would never be satisfied, therefore, continuing to kill people to make themselves happy. Political use of famine is another issue that

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