Relationship Between Early Marriages and Schooldropouts Essay

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WUNRN http://www.wunrn.com Direct Link: http://www.popcouncil.org:80/publications/popbriefs/pb13(3)_2.html Despite the contrasting societal contexts in the two studies—in which girls’ opportunities with regard to pregnancy are quite different—the researchers found similarities in the schooling outcomes. The studies showed that negative early schooling experiences, such as repeating a grade and being older than other students in the same grade, are significantly correlated both with the risk of getting married or pregnant and with the risk of dropping out. December 2007, Vol. 13, No. 3 Poverty, Gender, and Youth Africa Studies: Bad Experiences Underlie Pregnancy-Related Dropout In most African countries, when a girl gets pregnant or married, she also leaves school. Many people assume that most young women who drop out of school following a pregnancy or marriage would otherwise have remained in school. But is school dropout caused by adolescent pregnancy and marriage, or are early school exit, pregnancy, and marriage all the result of the same underlying circumstances? Few studies have examined the relationships between early marriage, adolescent pregnancy, and leaving school. Two recent Population Council studies investigate the links between these phenomena in diverse African settings. One study looked at several countries in francophone Africa, and the other examined South Africa. “South Africa is unusual in the subcontinent in having a high rate of premarital adolescent childbearing, combined with high levels of adolescent female school attendance and liberal policies that officially allow pregnant girls and young mothers to stay enrolled ,” says Kelly Hallman, Population Council health economist. The country also has child support grants for poor single mothers Despite the contrasting societal contexts in the two studies—in which girls’

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