Relation with Organizational Behavior and Leadership Theories

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Introduction The backbone of any organization is leadership. Organizations cannot operate without leaders as they are the most significant element of successful organizations. A leader is someone who sets direction in an effort or task and influences or motivates people to follow that direction. Moreover, the success and smooth functioning of an organization depend to a large extent on the quality of leaders in an organization. Leaders can motivate the work force, meet organizational challenges, bring about effective change that may be required in the organization, and successfully meet organizational goals. According to Fulop and Linstead (1999) leadership is the single most important factor in motivating employees and improving productivity. According to Sameer Limdare, leadership can be defined as interpersonal influence exerted in a situation and directed using communication system towards the attainment of specific goals about coping with change (Limdare, 2012). The concept of leadership as a whole covers different explanations, theories and leadership styles. Theories are most useful for influencing leaders when they suggest new ways in which events and situations can be perceived. There are many different types of theories on leadership. There is Fiedler’s contingency theory, situational theories of leadership, House’s path-goal theory, and transactional- transformational theories. These theories are used to make an individual a more effective leader and are used as a guide to help individuals achieves any goal that is set out by their organization. Bennis and Nanus (1985) stated that there is no consensus about the essence of leadership or the means by which it can be recognized, achieved or measured. Regardless of an outsized body of research from trait models to behavioral perspectives, to contingency theories and then to transactional versus

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