Rehabilitation Essay

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Rehabilitation Daniel Boles CJA/234 April 9, 2012 Rehabilitation In this paper I will give the definition of rehabilitation, parole and probation as well as the origins of rehabilitation and how parole is different from mandatory release. I will also compare probation to other forms of sentencing and the definition and options of community correction. Rehabilitation is a programmed effort to alter the attitudes and behaviors of inmates and improve their likelihood of becoming law-abiding citizens. Rehabilitation basically means returning someone to a prior state (Seiter, 2010). The emphasis in rehabilitation is preventing future crimes from happening. The origins of rehabilitation in prison dates back to the mid-1800s with the Irish system, this system placed an emphasis on training and preparation for release, and were believed to do more to return offenders to the community with a greater chance for success. The Irish system has four stages solitary confinement, special prison, open institutions, and ticket of leave (Seiter, 2010). Parole is the conditional release of inmates by a parole board prior to the expiration of their sentence. We get the term parole from the French word parol, meaning “word of honor.” It was often believed that parole did not start until the mid- 1900s in United States prisons. Parole was first used in the 1700s as a way of releasing prisoners of war if they promised not to continue fighting in the current war. This later evolved into the modern meaning of parole that we use today (Seiter, 2010). There are two types of mandatory release, supervised mandatory release and unconditional mandatory release. Supervised mandatory release is when inmates serve a determinate sentence and are then released, but with a period of supervision to follow. Unconditional mandatory release is when an inmate serves his or hers full sentence and

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