Regional Peacekeeping Essay

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PEACEMAKING, PEACEKEEPING AND PEACEBUILDING UN Support for Regional Peacekeeping Expected Council Action In October the Council will consider a report by the Secretary-General on UN assistance to the AU to improve effectiveness in deploying and managing peacekeeping operations. The foreign minister of Uganda, Sam Kutesa, will preside over the debate. This issue has proved highly controversial in previous years. However a presidential statement is a likely outcome Background and Key Recent Developments On 16 April 2008, under the South African presidency, the Council held a debate on strengthening relationships between the UN and regional organisations and adopted resolution 1809 welcoming the establishment of a joint AU-UN panel to consider options for supporting AU peacekeeping operations. After its chair, former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi, it became known as the “Prodi Panel”. The Prodi Panel’s report was transmitted to the Council in December 2008. It addressed capacity building for conflict prevention in Africa and offered several recommendations involving UN funding from assessed contributions, funding to support AU peacekeeping operations and to develop AU logistics capacity. In March 2009 the Council held a high-level debate on the Prodi report which revealed considerable reservations among members about the panel’s recommendations. The Council adopted a presidential statement requesting the Secretary-General to submit a report on practical ways to provide effective support for the AU, including “a detailed assessment of the recommendations”, particularly those on financing and establishing a joint AU-UN team. In September 2009, the Secretary-General proposed a number of alternate ways for the UN to help the AU improve effectiveness in deploying and managing peacekeeping operations. He made several suggestions for strengthening the
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