That way, if Meletus were to prosecute him, Socrates could say that he is now under the tutelage of Euthyphro, whose authority on these matters is unquestionable. If Meletus were to prosecute him even so, Socrates could point out that Euthyphro is in fact the one responsible for teaching him and that Meletus should prosecute Euthyphro instead. Euthyphro encourages this suggestion, pointing out that with his expertise in religious matters, Meletus' claims could not stand up long against Socrates in court. Then holiness takes a prominent position in the argument. Socrates insists that Euthyphro begin to instruct him regarding what is holy and what is unholy.
The second horn says that since God is on the side of something therefore it is considered to be right or pious. Now, Socrates and Euthyphro was follower of the first horn of dilemma. They both thought that since something is pious therefore God loves it. It is evident from the statement, “Socrates proposes to amend the definition, and say that 'what all the gods love is pious, and what they all hate is impious.' To this Euthyphro agrees” (Plato, 2008).
Do not forget either that rationalism did not involve the overcoming of religious thought; on the contrary, the notion of God was very important in the rationalist philosophical systems (Joachim, 2006). Descartes valued above all reason and believed that this ability was able to give us important content, while procedures that ensured its truth. The reason
Keywords Plato, Symposium, intrinsic value, rational motivation, eudaemonism 0. Introduction The heart of Plato’s Symposium (199d-212a) consists of a series of claims and arguments that are represented as being put forward by Socrates, as his contribution to a discussion of the nature of love (ἔρως). For most of this part of the dialogue (from 201d onwards), Socrates is represented as attributing these claims and arguments to a mysterious priestess whom he calls Diotima. As I shall argue, these pages in fact contain a brilliant and © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/003188609X12486562883093 298 R. Wedgwood / Phronesis 54 (2009) 297-325 perceptive analysis of the nature of rational motivation – an analysis that is
This distinction also helps us look into our own minds, to better analyze our thoughts and beliefs when it comes to religion. Learning the distinction between ‘Natural Religion’ and ‘Biblical Faith’ will help with analyzing both past arguments we have learned, and arguments that have yet to come. In Herberg’s esteemed writing, “Biblical Faith and Natural Religion” he begins the paper with an introduction to some of Jules Masserman’s ideas. In presenting Masserman’s ideas of “The Ur-Defenses of Man” [Herberg 175], Herberg is able to set up a basis for his argument. Masserman at heart agrees with Freud’s argument that religion is an illusion humans hold onto, but he makes a key distinction in saying that this illusion is necessary for the well doing of human beings, “they are substitutive or compensatory beliefs, quite necessary to make human life at all livable” [Herberg 177].
Again this shows good grasp of the topic – clearly the student has understood that all three thinkers supported a common core. It is slightly disappointing that the student doesn’t spend more time analysing the substance of James’ or Otto’s arguments such as the four characteristics of mystical experience or Otto’s concept of the mysterium tremendum, as these are key to the strength of a ‘common core’ approach. However, many philosophers have problems with the assumption that religious experiences share a common core, and moreover that they are veridical. For example, Hume’s conflicting claims argument refutes James’ idea that religious experiences are veridical because they have transformative consequences. Hume claims that
Essay 1 Faith and Reason “Reason, aided by Christian faith, reveals truths about the universe and about humans that could never have been reached by reason alone. Conversely, Christian faith needs reason in order to communicate its beliefs clearly, to arrange those beliefs in a more systematic form, to guard it from straying into fanaticism or error, and to provide answers to reasonable objections to those beliefs”(1-2). Many argue that faith and reason are two very different things, when in all reality they both need each other and as Albl states they are actually “inseparable”. I am Catholic myself and I have always learned that authentic Christian faith does not limit human liberty and reason. Instead, faith supports reason and perfection; and reason, illuminated by faith, finds strength to raise itself to the knowledge of God.
Summary The article by Tan (2007) discusses proper and ethically acceptable application of prayers as a form of therapy. The author presents the use of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) from a Scriptural (Biblical) perspective. The key components of scripture-based CBT highlighted in the article are as follows. The first one is the need to underscore the value of God’s love and the establishment of a cordial relationship with the client. Second, conduct a comprehensive recollection and healing of the past events that led to the present problem (s).
James speaks against these in his teaching. He exhorts them to remain true to the teachings and practices of the faith. James’ teachings are often compared to Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount, which would be logical due to him being brought up in the same environment as Jesus. The book of James is a protest against hypocrisy. Some have criticized James in that they thought he was teaching that salvation was by works alone, but in reality he is complementing Paul’s teaching of salvation by faith.
The use of interchanging genres helps elaborate the theme of the film: life is often an erratic trip of constantly-changing emotions and incidences, over which we have slim to nil control. Filled with heart, the film accurately captures this theme. The story line is slightly jumbled, although it seems to reinforce the theme of the film. In short, Basil is a writer with writer’s block and decides to rid of this by traveling far away to Crete, Greece. He chooses this location as his site for self-discovery because it is convenient for him since he needs to check on a closed mine in Crete which he has inherited from his late father.