Euthyphro – Plato Euthyphro – Plato The concept of holiness emerges in the dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro after Socrates appears in court to respond to the charges of impiety and corrupting the youth are brought against him. The concept of piety and holiness takes a prominent position in the conversation because it is the reason behind Socrates’ impending trial. There he encounters Euthyphro, who reveals to Socrates that he is prosecuting his father for murder to which Socrates is almost sarcastically in awe. This concept takes a prominent position in conversation because Socrates questions the definition of piety and holiness, and questions Euthyphro if his knowledge of religion and things both pious and impious that he’s not afraid of being impious by bringing action against his own father (Plato and Jowett, n.d.). Over the course of the conversation, Euthyphro presents multiple definitions, through his own interpretation, of what piety is.
From the beginning, both said that race and ethnic beliefs would not come in the way of decision making. Sotomayer made it apparent that she followed the Judicial Restraint philosophy and ultimately believe “what the constitution/laws stated is exactly how they are supposed to be interpreted”, not personal thoughts included. Thomas was the complete opposite, concluding that he followed the Judicial Activism philosophy. But, after reading research, it can be determined that no matter what philosophy that they followed, the judges background and ethnicity influenced their rulings and public
The power is always yours Do what you like. Whatever warms your heart.” (Lines 159-165) This code of xenos seems to only apply when upset gods are not involved. Zeus’ approval of the Phaeacians punishment shows that human concerns are usually not the cause for conflict between gods. The gods instead use deception, alliances, and careful diplomatic negotiation to play out power struggles as opposed to open conflict. This is especially apparent when Zeus states, “The gods don’t disrespect you.
Phislosophy 231 Crito & Legal Obligation. Omar Alli 11/3/11 Socrates has been accused of corrupting the youth by Meletus and also creating new Gods, while not recognizing the old Gods. Socrates is eventually convicted of these crimes and sentenced to death. While at the state prison awaiting his execution, Socrates is approached by his friend Crito who has come in an attempt to convince Socrates to escape with him to avoid his execution. Crito puts forth many arguments to why Socrates should escape with him, however after engaging in a dialogue with Socrates, Socrates shoots down all of Crito's arguments.
Query: does Bertrand Russell resemble Socrates? We could say that Russell, like Socrates, "questioned everything", although for Socrates this questioning did not extend beyond his investigations in ethics or how man should live his life, whereas for Russell it extended to all of the three parts of philosophy, including to "metaphysics" or questions on the periphery, if indeed there is a shared periphery, of philosophy and contemporary science. However, that resemblance in itself is not especially remarkable, because, after both the Sophists and Socrates set the precedent of questioning all things, that is what all philosophers do, or try to do. As another resemblance, there is taking a stand on a principle, for Russell went to prison (albeit to a cell fit for a lord of the realm) to protest against the First World War, and Socrates went to his death (In Plato's Apology Socrates does not stand down from (i.e. retract) what he believes to be the good; he "accepts guilt" only for doing what ethics obliged him to do).
Around 400 BC Plato, one of Socrates greatest admirers, wrote a dialog of the speech Socrates makes at the trial where he was accused of not recognizing the gods that the state recognized, and for corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates is brought before a jury to defend his case and uses the method of cross-examination to prove his argument. Throughout the duration of the trial, Socrates uses concrete evidence and his distinctive logical to prove to his accusers that he is innocent. Instead, Socrates establishes a strong argument for his claim that he is essentially one of the most positive influences on the youth while recognizing that the gods do exist. Before Socrates went to trial to prove his innocence, in addition to already believing he was the wisest in all of Athens, he confirmed his assumption by asking the oracle.
Socrates constantly reiterated that divine law must supersede the laws created by state in the Apology, an argument he completely contradicted in Crito, where he emphasized on the importance of respect of institution and one’s civic obligation. A functioning government and society would not be feasible if there is an absence of clearly defined laws. Legitimate nation-states have constitutions, sets of rules that their constituency must respect and obey to establish a social order. It also serves as a binding social contract or an agreement between the government and its subordinate
Socrates is found at the court because he is under the indictment of Meletus, for he is accused of corrupting the young and not believing the gods in whom the city believes. We find out that Euthyphro’s business at the court is regarding the prosecution of his father. He is prosecuting his father for the murder of a laborer who himself murdered a fellow laborer. Throughout this dialogue we are enlightened in the nature of piety. The passage, 2c-3, explains in detail, what Socrates is charged for.
Socrates In Plato’s “Apology,” Socrates is found guilty of corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods of Athens. The punishment for his crimes was death. “Crito” takes place in jail in which Socrates resides before his death. During this period, Socrates’ friend Crito comes to visit him and tries to persuade him to escape. Socrates, being the philosopher that he was, argued on whether he should escape or not.