An unconscious person mind is thought to still have drives, urges and instincts that we cannot control unless we are conscious. The unconscious mind is thought to motivate our words, actions and feelings without us knowing or understanding what we sometimes say, act or feel. Some psychologists think that dream, forgetfulness and a slip-of-the-tongue are explained by our unconsciousness. A preconscious mind can suppress some thoughts or behaviors but can recall the functions rapidly and become conscious thoughts and behavior. Some thoughts and behaviors may cause a person some discomfort and are suppressed into the unconscious as not to cause anxious feels when they are recalled to the conscious mind.
Though he dismissed Freudian theory that stated that human personality was defined by their sexual drive and desires, he established that we have 2 states of unconscious. A personal unconscious which he agreed held emotions and desires, but he also proposed the existence of a collective unconscious which is where all the archetypes were stored. He believed that there was just more to humans that just sexual drive. He also left a great deal of impact on psychotherapy by starting the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Abraham Maslow was influenced by Harry Harlow who had conducted the Rhesus Monkey Study which suggested that a lack of contact comfort is psychologically stressful for rhesus monkey when separated from their mothers.
Personality 3/18/08 Chapter 14  A person’s characteristic patterns of _behaving_______ _thinking__________ and _feeling______________  Attempts to explain __consistencies___________________- in an individual’s behavior across _time_________ & __situations_______________; basis to compare & contrast people  “Who you are is what you do.” Enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself… Major Views of Personality  Psychoanalytic view  Personality is a result of unconscious conflicts w/in a person’s mind.  Neo-Freudian view  May vary widely by theorist, disagree w/ some of the basic principles of the psychoanalytic view put forth by Freud.  Learning view  Personality is a result of learning from environmental consequences (sometimes cognitive factors are added in)  Humanistic view  Personality is a result of striving towards growth & achievement)  Trait view- Personality is determined by inborn traits. Psychoanalytic Perspective _Sigmund Freud_____________  Physician; his work with _hysteric_____________- patients formed the basis for psychoanalysis  First experimented with _Hypnosis______________- and then began having his patients __talk____________ through their problems. – Oddly they began to get better…..  Called this new type of therapy _talking therapy ____________ or the __talking cure________________  Psychoanalysis: Freud’s theory, & his therapy for treating psychological disorders that involves procedures such as ___dream__________ analysis, hypnosis, & ___free association ___________________  Psychoanalytic theory is criticized for not being testable using scientific methods Freud’s Levels of Consciousness  __Conscious________________ –
The ‘world’ of mental health briefly consists of people, services, policy, and legislation. For the individual involved in the ‘world’ of mental health their experiences of mental distress may vary in relation to the services they are part of, and what role they have within those services. The course model places the individual at the centre, with social, environmental, economic, and political influences surrounding them, and the wider factors of ethics and values surrounding these. These elements can influence each other, and all provide a framework to explore the meaning of mental distress for the individual. There have been many attempts at defining mental health or illness, each using different terminology depending on the perspectives.
Subliminal messaging was made to affect part of the mind, which is split into two parts known as the conscious mind and subconscious mind. The conscious mind works while an individual is awake and implements ones awareness. However the subconscious part of mind is always active and operates below the level of conscious awareness, it controls reflexes, automatic functions like sleeping, breathing, or blinking and handles the processing and storing of incoming information. Since subliminal messaging is focused on passing through a person’s threshold it targets an individual’s subconscious mind it causes them to become unaware that they are being manipulated. Therefore this can either positively or negatively be influencing a person’s mental processes or behaviors.
This essay will describe the benefit to put into practice a personalised induction, as well as the things that need to be focused on in order to personalise. I will also show that in certain circumstances it is not always possible to personalise an induction. As human beings we may present as similar in appearance and behave similarly, but actually we are all unique. We are all different shapes and sizes, come from different cultural backgrounds, have different views which have shaped our morals and values to make us what we are. As hypnosis works with the subconscious mind we need to understand that every client will have different needs and requirements and as therapists we need to work very closely with them, to assist them to achieve
Behaviorist also focus more on how we act rather than our brain and nervous systems, they don’t take mental processes into consideration. Cognitivist, however, study mental processes in an individual by focusing on specific behavior and interpreting those behaviors into mental processes so we can fully understand what we do. Finally, behaviorism deals with the way we behave in different environments. They also believe people pick up their traits from their own experiences. On the other hand, cognitivists believe that by reflecting on our own experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world.
Another Psychiatrist, Carl Jung, also believed that dreams held significant meaning. He furthered the notion of Sigmund Freud and said that the scope of dream interpretation was larger, reflecting the richness and complexity of the entire unconscious, both personal and collective. The general perspective on dreams will agree with the above theory although there are studies that show otherwise. The researchers of these studies provide that dreams are no more than interpretations of neutral impulses of the brain. Psychiatrist and dream researcher, J. Allan Hobson and Psychiatrist Robert McCarley have done extensive research in to their theory.
Journal 1: Personality Theory A personality theory is a theory is an attempt to describe and explain how people are similar, how they are different, and why every individual is unique. (p.445) There are many personality theories but for the most part they are grouped into four basic perspectives: The Psychoanalytic Perspective: Freud’s theory of personality, which emphasizes unconscious determinants of behavior, sexual and aggressive instinctual drives, and the enduring effects of early childhood experiences on later personality development. (p.445) Humanistic Perspective: theoretical viewpoint on personality that generally emphasizes the inherent goodness of people, human potential, self-actualization, the self-concept, and healthy personality development. (p.459) Social Cognitive Perspective: Albert Bandura’s theory of personality, which emphasizes the importance of observational learning, conscious cognitive processes, social experiences, self-efficacy beliefs, and reciprocal determinism. (p.463) Trait Personality: trait theories of personality focus on identifying, describing, and measuring individual differences in behavioral predispositions.
Behaviors tend to be culturally patterned with childhood experiences influencing personality as an adult and socialization throughout childhood and adulthood shape personality patterns. “It shapes a person’s emotions, thoughts, behaviors, cultural values and norms to fit into function as productive members in the surrounding human society” (Kelly, Scruggs, Lawrence, and Mcghee-Snow, n.d., para.1). Some of the principal concepts of cultures factor on personality are the basic personality structure approach, the configurationally approach, the cultural determinism, Gastalt theory, and the model personality approach. However, these are not all of the theories or approaches in the study of culture and personality. The basic personality structure approach was developed by