Reflection Essay

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‘Critically evaluate your development as a reflective practitioner through synthesis of relevant reflective practice theories, with application to university and school-based learning.’ Introduction What is reflection? ‘Reflective practice can be seen as analysing, reconsidering and questioning experiences within a context (e.g. learning theories). For example, students sometimes find that the realities of their practicum experiences don’t match what they may have learned from theories about teaching and learning. The process of reflecting on the disparities between your expectations and actual experience enables you to become more engaged with the process of your own learning’ (Moon, 1999). Reflective Practice was introduced by Donald Schön in his book ‘The Reflective Practitioner’ in 1983; however, the concepts underlying reflective practice are much older. John Dewey was among the first to write about Reflective Practice with his exploration of experience, interaction and reflection, Dewey (1993). ). Dewey (1993) first introduced the idea of reflective practice, stating that: “reflective thinking is closely related to critical thinking; it is the turning over of a subject in the mind and giving it serious and consecutive consideration”. Dewey believed that reflection is not only a rational, intellectual act but also an act that involves the whole person, including his or her emotions. Dewey identified the following three attributes of reflective individuals: open minded, responsible, and wholehearted. While Dewey was most interested in a monologic, asocial reflective process, Habermas (1970, 1971) argued that reflective practice has a social, as well as psychological, basis that does not stop at the individual, but rather may be dialogic. In addition, Habermas (1971) believed that “reflective practice is neither educationally nor

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