The resulting product was [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2 and yield was 4.453g (.017 mol, 84.8%) Distilled water (25mL) was added to concentrated ammonia (5mL) in a 125mL Erlenmeyer flask. The reaction was heated and stirred, then [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2 (.0060 mol) was added to the solution. The reaction mixture was vacuum filtered, and the filtrate was cooled in an ice bath. 6M HCl was then added until the solution was neutral to litmus. NaNO2 (.0217 mol) was added to the solution and was allowed to react for five minutes.
Micro – scale Reduction of a Ketone to an Alcohol: Benzophenone to Diphenylmethanol with Sodium Borohydride Abstract: Purpose of experiment 2.1 was to perform reduction reaction of benzophenone to diphenylmethanol with sodium borohydride as a reducing agent. The reducing agent was used in excess to ensure complete reduction of the carbonyl group. The product was isolated as a solid by filtration and its purity was checked using Thin Layer Chromatography with different ratios of mixture of polar and non – polar solvents and by checking its melting point, which was 520C - 620C. Infra – Red spectroscopy was not performed, however previously printed graphs were compared and analysed based on tables in Chemistry Laboratory Manual. Purpose of the Experiment: To produce diphenylmethanol from the reduction of benzophenone by using sodium borohydride as a reducing agent.
EXPERIMENT ( 3 ) Topic : The preparation of Phenyl Benzoate from benzoyl chloride Introduction : The preparation of phenyl benzoate (ester) from phenol and benzoyl chloride is an esterification. In this experiment, you are requested to prepare and purify phenyl benzoate by some techniques. Chemicals : Phenol, Benzoyl chloride, Dilute NaOH, Methanol Procedures : 1. Dissolve 1 g phenol in 15 cm3 dilute NaOH using a 50 cm3 quickfit flask. 2.
Then 5mL of HCl was added to copper to completely remove all traces of zinc. Once the bubbling had stopped, the rest of the liquid was decanted away from the copper. Then the copper recovery set up was put together using tubing, Buchner funnel, filter paper and suction flask. Then the filter paper was weighed before placing it in the funnel and wetted down. The aspirator was turned to medium high, and then the copper was poured onto wetted filter paper.
We added anhydrous Sodium Sulfate as a drying agent. To complete, we distilled the cyclohexene and collected the product. Knowing this data, we determined the yield % which is 58.5%. This experiment features the dehydration of cyclohexanol and produce cyclohexene. The acid catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol with distillative removal of the resulting cyclohexene from the reaction mixture
The purpose of this step was to remove (extract) most of the water that has dissolved in the ether layer. 2) The aqueous layer was drained and the solution discarded in the sink. 3) The ether layer was poured out the top of the separatory funnel into a clean, dry Erlenmeyer flask. 4) Several scoops of anhydrous Mg SO4 were added and the solution swirled. The MgSo4 absorbed the last traces of water the ether solution.
Experiment 2 Time | Observations | 5 minutes | Bubbled like sugar | Once salt water was added | Turned soapy white and thick | Equation: METHOD 1) Put 2 cm3 of castor oil into a 250 cm3 beaker and add 10 cm3 of 5mol.dm-3 sodium hydroxide from a measuring cylinder. (Take care when measuring this out and adding it to the beaker to avoid any drips and spills.) 2) Heat the mixture gently over a tripod and gauze, STIRRING CONSTANTLY with a glass rod (otherwise the mixture erupts). Allow to simmer (boil gently) for 5 minutes. Steady the beaker using
Put aspirin powder in a beaker and pipette exactly 30 cm3 of a 1 M NaOH solution onto the powder. Stir the beaker in order to dissolve aspirin completely. 3. Add 3 drops of phenolphthalein to the beaker with aspirin powder and NaOH solution. NaOH solution would be in excess and thus prepare 1 M of HNO3 solution in burette, which will be used in back-titration.
Lab 12 Experiment 12: Reactions of Amines Aim: 1) To investigate and to determine the chemical properties and chemical reactions of Amines 2) To observe the reactions of Amines Procedure: Refer to the Laboratory Manual of CHM152 page 72 to 74 Result: A. Solubility Compound | Butylamine | Diethylamine | Solubility | Very soluble | Not soluble | B. Salt Formation Solubility of dibutylamine in water: Not soluble Solubility of dibutylamine in acid: Soluble, white fume is produced Result of making the solution alkaline: Cloudy solution is produced C. Reaction with Nitrous Acid Compound | Observations | Butylamine | Bubble gas | Aniline | Yellow solid | N-Metylaniline | Yellow oil opaque green solution | Conclusion: Amines show various chemical properties and chemical reactions when tested with different reagents. Discussion: 1. Do not transfer any of the liquids from the reagent bottles to the beakers placed beside the bottles (the beakers are there to contain Pasteur pipettes). Transfer the liquid directly from the bottle to your test tube.