Because of this, anhydrous sodium sulfate is used to remove the water from the solution. Aqueous sodium bicarbonate is used to neutralize the acid, resulting in the racemic mixture of methylcyclohexenes. To ensure that this process is successful one can administer unsaturation tests to determine if double bonds were formed. Compounds containing double bonds react with a red bromine solution and decolorize it. A similar reaction occurs when adding potassium permanganate, with an added brown precipitate forming.
EXPERIMENT ( 3 ) Topic : The preparation of Phenyl Benzoate from benzoyl chloride Introduction : The preparation of phenyl benzoate (ester) from phenol and benzoyl chloride is an esterification. In this experiment, you are requested to prepare and purify phenyl benzoate by some techniques. Chemicals : Phenol, Benzoyl chloride, Dilute NaOH, Methanol Procedures : 1. Dissolve 1 g phenol in 15 cm3 dilute NaOH using a 50 cm3 quickfit flask. 2.
Add 1.5 grams of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP) to a 250-beaker. Record the exact mass of the sample in the Lab Report, three sig figs. Also add distilled water to the beaker to dissolve the KHP. Record the volume of water used to distill the solution to three sig figs. 3.
What would you expect to happen if a solution of sodium benzoate was acidified? Write an equation. If a solution of sodium benzoate was acidified, Na in sodium benzoate solution will displaced by the H+ from the acid and thus producing benzoic acid. (C6H5)COO-Na+ + H2O/H+ → (C6H5)COOH + Na+ + OH- 3. Use your answers to Questions 1 and 2 to explain how a water-insoluble organic acid might be freed of non-acidic impurities.
Because this reaction is reversible, a fractional distillation is necessary to produce cyclohexene, water, and some impurities and a simple distillation is followed to further purify the product. [pic] (Fig. 1- Cyclohexanol dehydrated by sulfuric acid to produce cyclohexene) Procedure: 1. Mix five mL of Cyclohexanol and 2.5 mL of 9M sulfuric acid in a 25 mL flask. 2.
SN1 Reaction Synthesis of Trityl Methyl Ether Introduction: In this experiment, a tertiary alcohol undergoes a substitution nucleophilic reaction; SN1 to form an ether. Trityl methyl ether will be synthesized from the reaction of triphenylmethanol (30 alcohol) and methanol. Triphenylmethanol can undergo this reaction because of the ease with which it dissociates to form a stable triphenylmethyl carbocation. From the structure of triphenylmethanol, it is observed that hydroxide is a poor leaving group. Due to this, the reaction takes place in acidic conditions by adding concentrated sulfuric acid to the solution.
After that, dissolve the sample in 2 mL of deionized water and shake the test tube for 1 to 1 ½ minutes to dissolve the solid. Place another dry test tube in a 50mL beaker and weigh it. Find a bottle of barium iodide and record the name and molar mass. Then, weight out either anhydrous barium iodide or barium iodide dehydrate into this test tube and dissolve is it in 2 mL of deionized water. Pour the contents of one of the test tubes into the other and a reaction should occur and you should see a white precipitate of barium sulfate form.
Begin by adding 1 mL of rubbing alcohol to test tube and attach a thermometer to it. b. Place assembly in water bath and begin to heat beaker c. As isopropyl alcohol begins to boil, bubbles begin flowing from the capillary tube d. While temperature is decreasing, record the temp. when the last air bubble comes out of the capillary tube. e. Let assembly cool down and repeat process two more times.
With increasing temperatures the solute can be dissolved by a solvent during recrystallization. Experimental section Preparation of Chalcone To prepare chalcone 2.1mL of NaOH in was dissolved in 40mL of water and about 25mL of ethanol was added in a 125mL Erlenmeyer flask as soon as pellets were dissolved. Then 0.080 mole of acetophenone was stirred into the 125 mL flask, then place into an ice bath. At once 0.080 moles of bezaldehyde was added to the mixture and stirred all the while temperature was kept between 20-30°C. A stopper was placed on the flask while the mixture was stirring with stirrer for 11/2 hours.
McGraw-Hill companies, Inc.) Although sulfuric acid served as the acid in the reaction, it is also the catalyst in the over-all reaction. Water, attached to N, is good leaving group so it is eliminated to form the nitronium ion. The ppt was further recrystallized and purified. It was first dissolved in hot dH2O and then hot gravity filtration was performed. Many insoluble substances were isolated and cream in color.