These tests consisted of a wafting test, a solubility test in deionized water, and a pH test. The unknown’s characteristics, discovered through the physical tests, were then compared with known cations: Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Ammonia, and Magnesium. Flame tests were performed in order to classify the unknown cation. A small amount of the solid unknown ionic compound was placed on a watch glass. A wet swab was used to collect a small sample of the compound.
CuSO4 4. What is the molar mass for anhydrous (without water) copper(II) sulfate? 159.62 g/mol Result: Observation: Some gray white substances precipitated from the water in the crucible. Data: * Mass of purified crucible and lid 30.59g * Mass of crucible and lid and hydrate 31.57g * Mass of hydrate alone 31.57g- 30.59g = .98g * Mass of crucible and lid and dehydrate 31.11g * Mass of dehydrate alone .52g This lab shows that hydrates are made up of crystal solids and water,
The tip of the inner blue flame is the hottest portion. 4. How will you know in this experiment when the hydrate BaCl2*2H20 has been completely dehydrated? It will be completely dehydrated when the difference in successive weights of the crucible, cover, and residue (after cooled to room temp.) is 0.0020 g or less.
Test 2: Melting point. Pieces of the solid were placed in a test tube and heated, some in tongs. These were heated slowly to start of with then more strongly. The substances were observed until they started to melt. It was been noted whether the substance melts at high or low temperature.
The paper was then put into a beaker of a hydrochloric acid, ethanol, and butanol mixture, being sure that the paper does not touch the sides of the beaker, and then topped. After the eluting solution has risen to within two centimeters of the top of the filter paper, the paper was removed from the beaker, dried, and was stained with a staining reagent solution containing potassium ferrocyanide and potassium iodide. This reagent forms colored precipitates or reaction products with many cations, including all of those used in this experiment. The distance of which the spots moved were determined by calculating the Rf value of each substance. The Rf value is determined by following formula: Rf=DL=distance component movesdistance solvent moves This experiment was successful overall, given a few errors.
Chemistry Lab Types of Chemical Reactions OBSERVATION DATA TABLE Step|Name of Reactants|Description of Reactants|Description of reaction taking place (evidence of chemical reaction)|Description of Products| 1|Zn|Solid, small chunky bits, Silvery-grey, dull|As the Zinc and Sulfur heated up it expanded in the test tube and shot out Zinc Sulfide.-light and heat are produced|White powder was created and the leftovers of the reactions was a black powder.| |S|Solid, resembles powder, Off-yellowOpaque||| 2|KI|-dull yellow liquid-transparent|Instantaneously changed colour to a bright yellow.|-Bright yellow liquid-Opaque| |Pb(NO3)2|-liquid, transparent, very clear-bubbly||| 3|H2O2|-liquid-clear-transparent|A dark grey bubbling liquid was created. It got hotter as it reacted.gas test observations:The splint relit. Oxygen was present.|Oxygen gas was created and a dark grey opaque liquid was left behind in the test tube. | |MnO2|-solid-powder-black||| 4|AgNO3|A clear, transparent liquid.|As the copper reacted with the Silver Nitrate, the ball of Copper changed colour to grey and subsequently developed a ‘furry-like’ characteristic on its coating.|-Clear liquid-Copper changes to a grey colour, ‘furry-like’.| |Cu|-brown/red-solid-stringy||| 5|HCl|A clear, transparent liquid.|When the Magnesium was inserted the HCl liquid started to bubble and fizz releasing Hydrogen. The Magnesium strip dissolved in the process and the test tube got hotter.
The watch glass was removed with the beaker tongs. Using a rubber bulb and a stirring rod to stir the solution continuously, 15.00mL of .25M BaCl2 solution was added to the solution in the beaker. The watch glass is replaced and the solution is keep hot but not boiling for 15 minutes. The precipitate was allowed to settle. When the liquid above the precipitate was clear, the solution was tested for completeness of precipitation when a few drops of BaCl2 solution were added from a pipette.
Obtain a boiling tube, a large test tube and a small test tube. Label the boiling tube “R” 2. Using an electronic balance, weigh out two grams of granular zinc and record the mass. Weigh out two grams of iodine crystals, record the mass and add this all to the boiling tube labeled “R”. 3.
When in flame it produces gas rapidly and bubbles. Liquid turns into gas quickly. When liquid disappears solution (now a solid) turns white | 4 | A Initial temperature is 15 degrees Celsius and the final temperature is 17 degrees Celsius. BThe blue hydrated copper sulphate turned white, evidence of condensation of a clear liquid present on the inside of the test tube.C concentrated sulphuric acid turns black on paper towel and is clear on the white cottonD Carbon pillar grows cause of air bubbles, it is brittle, it is both corrosive with a hole and there is evidence of carbon produced | 5 | No temperature change and iodine brown/yellow gas produced | Properties of Sulphuric acid results table Aim: To investigate and observe the properties of sulphuric acid through five different experiments where we will determine its extent of ionisation in aqueous solution, reaction of sulfate ions, action as a strong acid, affinity for water and action as an oxidising agent. Background: Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) is a diprotic acid (can donate 2 protons to a base).
These impurities include vanadium, arsenic, zirconium, iron, silicon, and magnesium. Therefore, impure titanium tetrachloride is then cleaned of all these impurities for the purpose of gaining a pure titanium tetrachloride. The cleaning process is initiated by allowing the former mixture to settle, where the undissolved particles are removed as dirt or mud. Afterwards, the liquid that contains several chlorides is passed through a distillation column and is chemically treated with hydrogen sulfide or mineral oil to eliminate vanadium oxychloride, which is a chloride that boils at the same temperature as titanium tetrachloride. Finally, it is redistilled again to further purify the titanium tetrachloride produced.