Red Wolf Essay

340 Words2 Pages
The Red wolf is a critically endangered species in Texas. It is one of two species of wolves in North America, the other being the gray wolf. It can reach up to 26 in. in height and up to 80 lbs. in weight. It’s coat is long, coarse; mostly brown and buff colored on the upper part of the body with some black along the backs. The red wolf’s diet consists mostly of small mammals, such as rabbits and rodents. The red wolf ranges throughout the southeast as far west as Texas. Aggressive predator control programs and clearing of forested habitat reduced the red wolf population to 17 wolves by 1980. Almost hunted to the brink of extinction, the U.S. Fish and Wild Life Service rounded up fewer than 20 pure red wolves to breed in captivity. Red wolves were declared extinct in the wild between 1980-87. Thanks to captive breeding programs, today 100-120 red wolves call northeastern North Carolina home. This is the world's only wild population of red wolves. Red wolves are primarily nocturnal, and communicate by scent marking, vocalizations, facial expressions and body postures. Shy and secretive, red wolves hunt alone or in small packs. Size of the pack varies with the size of available prey populations. A hierarchy of dominant and subordinate animals within the pack helps it to function as a unit. The red wolves live in packs and hunt prey animals such as white-tailed deer. Threats to the red wolf include habitat loss due to human development, negative attitudes that hinder restoration, severe weather, deaths by motor vehicles, and illegal killings. Interbreeding between coyote and red wolf populations has remained a constant threat to the recovery of this imperiled species. Given that the entire current range of the red wolf in the wild is located in a small coastal area at roughly three feet in elevation, the impacts of climate change – including storm surges and sea

More about Red Wolf Essay

Open Document