Reconstructing World Politics Essay

30806 WordsDec 15, 2012124 Pages
Chicago-Kent College of Law From the SelectedWorks of Sungjoon Cho February 2012 Reconstructing World Politics: Norms, Discourse, and Community Contact Author Start Your Own SelectedWorks Notify Me of New Work Available at: http://works.bepress.com/sungjoon_cho/69 RECONSTRUCTING WORLD POLITICS: NORMS, DISCOURSE, AND COMMUNITY Sungjoon Cho* ABSTRACT This Article argues that the conventional (rationalist) approach to world politics characterized by political bargain cannot fully capture the new social reality under the contemporary global ambience where ideational factors such as ideas, values, culture, and norms have become more salient and influential not only in explaining but also in prescribing state behaviors. After bringing rationalism’s paradigmatic limitations into relief, the Article offers a sociological framework that highlights a reflective, intersubjective communication among states and consequent norm-building process. Under this new paradigm, one can understand an international organization as a “community” (Gemeinschaft), not as a mere contractual instrument of its contracting parties (Gesellschaft). The Article applies the new paradigm to the World Trade Organization (WTO) as it describes the WTO’s institutional evolution from a power-oriented, tariff-reducing contract to a norm-oriented world trade community. Table of Contents Abstract ...................................................................................................................1 Introduction .............................................................................................................2 I. The Conventional Paradigm: A Contract, Treaty, and Gesellschaft....................12 A. Realism (Neorealism) .................................................................................12 B. Regime Theory and Neoliberal Institutionalism

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