It causes violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, and insomnia. Taking Meth for a long period of time can also be the result of some psychotic features like paranoia, hallucinations, mood disturbances, and delusions, like the feeling of insects creeping on the skin. People on Meth become more dependent on others like family members or those close to support their habits and take care of them. People in this state of mind cannot care for themselves and usually find others with the same habits to hang around and support each
Psychoactive – cannabis is usually smoked in a roll-up or pipe. It is also frequently ingested orally. Effects: stoned, increased heart rate, reduced blood sugar level, decreased sensory awareness, increased sensory awareness, etc. Street name Effects Risks Alcohol Booze Relaxant, feel less anxious and more sociable Slurred speech, nausea, psychological and physical dependence Amphetamines Speed, whizz, billy, uppers Euphoria, increased energy Anxiety, panic, paranoia Benzodiazepines Blues, downers, tranqs Sedation, relaxation Quickly develop
Benzodiazepine drugs are commonly used to treat stress, anxiety and high blood pressure. They work by blocking receptors that are usually activated by adrenaline and noradrenalin, meaning that the body is less able to produce extreme and unhealthy sympathetic nervous system responses. Antipsychotic drugs, which are often used to treat schizophrenia, work by reducing the amounts of dopamine at synapses in certain areas of the brain. Drug treatments have been found to be effective in treating many illnesses, and in many
The drug is effective. This shows support for the hypothesis as the reduction in dopamine is also reducing schizophrenic symptoms. Also recreational drugs and cocaine are said to increase dopamine level this leads to schizophrenic symptoms of hallucinations and delusions. If schizophrenics also receive drugs like cocaine the symptoms gets worse. This all suggest a link between dopamine and
Valproic Acid Valproic acid is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by increasing the amount of a certain natural substance in the brain. Valproic acid is used alone or with other medications to treat certain types of seizures. Valproic acid is also used to treat mania in people with bipolar. It is also used to prevent migraine headaches, but not to relieve headaches that have already begun.
The good thing is that some of the effects of chronic methamphetamine abusers appear to be, at least partially, reversible. Moreover, the increased risk of stroke from the abuse of methamphetamine can lead to irreversible damage to the brain. Long term effects may include: addiction, psychosis, including paranoia, hallucinations, repetitive motor activity, changes in the brain structure and function, memory loss, aggressive or violent behavior, mood disturbances severe dental problems, weight
Low levels of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin are believed to play a role in this disorder as well as the endocrine system (Comer, 2005). Causes of unipolar disorder can stem from a reaction to a stressful event or may be something internal (within the mind), such as a chemical imbalance. Both of these factors are looked at when a patient is diagnosed. The treatment of biological model usually means antidepressant drugs, but for severely depressed persons who do not respond to other forms of treatment, it sometimes means electroconvulsive therapy. Many people are surprised to learn that electroconvulsive therapy is, in fact, a highly effective approach for treating unipolar depression (Comer,
When compared to the opioids hydromorphone, fentanyl, oxycodone, and pethidine/meperidine, former addicts showed a strong preference for heroin and morphine, suggesting that heroin and morphine are particularly susceptible to abuse and addiction. Morphine and heroin were also much more likely to produce euphoria and other positive subjective effects when compared to these other
An overdose of Restoril can be fatal, especially if taken with alcohol. Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, slurred speech, tremors, a slow heartbeat, shallow breathing, feeling light-headed, fainting, seizure (black-out or convulsions), and
Ecstasy (known as MDMA) is a derivative of amphetamine that acts on several neurotransmitters. It mainly increases serotonin by causing release and blocking reuptake. In the past, it was considered a safe sensation enhancer, but now it is found to impair cognitive abilities (language tasks), cause depression, and specifically poison neurons through a process known as neurotoxicity. Subjective Effects: MDMA is classified as a stimulant and psychedelic drug causing mild hallucinations, along with an intense euphoric, energizing feeling (Ecstasy, 2005). Users will report a powerful experience of increased happiness, sociableness, self-confidence, empathy and sensation to touch (Ecstasy, 2005).