Reality Theory Essay

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Dalma Vazquez AHRC 662 Northern Illinois University Author Note Dalma L. Vazquez, School of Allied Health and Communicative Disorders, Northern Illinois University. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Dalma L. Vazquez, School of Allied Health and Communicative Disorders, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115. E-mail: dvazquez@niu.edu THEORY Dr. William Glasser presented reality therapy in the 1950’s in reaction to the many Freudian techniques that he used with his clients. His career began in the mental health system. His work was primarily comprised of individuals that experienced severe psychiatric disorders. Therefore, his many encounters with patients formulated the concepts that formed what is known as Reality Therapy. “Reality Therapy is a common sense approach to making changes in behavior” (Chan, Berven, and Thomas, 2004). It emphasizes reality and responsibility of one’s behaviors. Later, the therapy evolved from his early effort in the public school system, juvenile corrections, and rehabilitation from mental health to focus “more on personal improvement in lives, systems, and relationships. Currently, his emphasis has turned more toward choice theory, which stresses the importance of self-evaluation and improvement” (Chan, Berven, and Thomas, 2004). It was important to Glasser that the classroom environment would be conducive to orientation of goals with the belief that one was responsible for their own behavior. CONCEPTS Dr. William Glasser’s theory of personality is based on individual responsibility and the inability to change others. One’s identity is formed near the age of five and either you identify yourself as a success or a failure and that largely has to do with the company one keeps. In other words, if one has friends that also see themselves as successes then it is more

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