Realism vs Idealism

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Global Issues Carter 20 February 2012 Realism vs. Idealism Realism and Idealism are the two major contending theories of international relations which are debated at the local and international level today. Realists believe that human nature is bad and individuals cannot be trusted. On the other hand, idealism states that there is a relationship between all the countries and as such relationships need to be formed between individuals. They also believe in morality and that human nature is good so they involve themselves in many world affairs. These relationships appear to change as quickly as actors in a soap opera. Our own U.S. Foreign policy depends upon the view of the major actors. This view changed drastically after the Cold War ended. Then the major powers had the overall view that the other nations wanted to live and not die, so they took care of themselves instead of taking action with other countries. Each country, especially the United States, had an almost isolationistic view of their role in the world. Today, however, we face the challenge of enemies who do not think rationally and will die for what they think is the greater good, so the view of seclusion is not longer valid. The suicidal attitude of these new adversaries makes these types of people’s actions very hard to predict and track which leads to a danger that is unpredictable and around which we cannot devise a defensive plan. Another idea is that the civilized world believes that the economically developed countries take care of the less developed countries. In an article written by James G. Pradke called “Idealism vs. Realism: a Modern Approach to Capitalism Vs. Socialism,” dated April 16, 2010, he quoted Merriam-Webster’s dictionary (2010) which “claims that realism dismisses idealization and presents a theory which focuses on concern for fact or reality while rejecting
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