Realism In International Relations

1287 Words6 Pages
Introduction The essay will be based on reviewing the theory of realism as stated in chapter two of the book on international relations written by J.S Goldstein and J.C pevehous. Will realism said to be the best theory of international relations? In writing this essay it will be divided into three parts, the first part will be on summarizing the chapter from my point of view, second part will be analysing the chapter to pick out some essential made by the writer’s by looking into them, the third I will critically discuss on some of these point to iron out any lack of fact if any and discuss the issues. Finally I will be writing my conclusion part and at the same time I will be answering the question above from my point of view on realism.…show more content…
Realism according to the chapter is a school of thought that explain international relation in terms of power. (Goldstein & Pevehouse, 2013, p. 35) ‘Realism also known as political realism is a view of international politics that stresses its competitive and contractual side’ (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2010). That is an approach to study and practice international politics, which will can use by any state on its foreign policy or any other interest. The assumption of realism and idealism in international system from the view of realism it has to do with what the state want, because they are the main actor, and has nothing to do with their individual of the state, and see the system as anarchy. Whereby there is no central government to establish laws on member state, due to the fact that all member state are sovereignty, for example in the United Nations Security Council the use of veto power US and Iraq…show more content…
I will look at the theories international relation by comparing realism and liberalism theories. The realist state see power in international relations as the ultimate element to be use international organization or among state. While the liberal state see such not to be necessary in a way that the world peace can be achieve in various ways like free trade without using power. According to Barbieri ‘although the cold war was different than major powers, liberal scholars argued that free trade and the expansion of ties between states was the best way to unite former adversaries’ (Barbieri, 2005, p. 1). When power is apply to international organization or state it may cause conflict not only to the states in conflict but put the world in fear and their allies, this can be trace during the cold war among the United Nation Security Council and the rest member state where in fear. It will be difficult for state with mutual understanding or free trade to be involve in conflict, but when such state are not they are likely to make use of power in terms of military force to settle their conflict which is not the alternative. Also another alternative to use if state don’t have understanding in free trade is the used of soft power in a way to create good relationship, like in the case of China whereby they contribute in many nation state economy by investing billions of
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