Capital Budgeting Measurement Criteria U05a1 Carla Hagood 1. Describe the Net Present Value (NPV) method for determining a capital budgeting project's desirability. What is the acceptance benchmark when using NPV? The NPV determines the monetary increase that can be expected from an investment. It will tell if the return will be above or below the needed amount to complete a project.
The direct method is relies on changing the contractual characteristics of Asset and Liabilities to reach a particular duration and maturity gap to get over any Asset and Liability mismatch. On other hand the synthetic method relies on using derivatives such as interest rate swaps, future, options and other customized instruments like AIRS. Since the direct method is not always possible using the synthetic method give higher degree of flexibility to Asset –Liability management process. Banc one can use the following financial instruments ( off –balance sheet) to hedge against interest rate risk : • Futures : is an agreement between buyer and seller to exchange a specific amount of financial products at a specific price in a specific future date. The management must be very careful to follow the regulatory and the accounting rules that govern the use of future contract.
Another difference between them is the time on how they can be turned into cash at a faster rate. What is the order of liquidity? Liquidity in terms of accounting means how soon or how fast an asset can be turned into cash to comply and maintain its current financial obligations toward service and material suppliers. Order of liquidity refers to the way the assets are recorder in a balance sheet in descending order of liquidity beginning with cash, current assets- accounts receivable and inventory . The common methods of a chart of accounts include Accounting types – assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, expenses and revenue, followed by order of liquidity, and the account numbers.
1. Which of the following equations properly represents a derivation of the fundamental accounting equation? a. b. c. d. Assets + Liabilities = Owner’s equity Assets = Owner’s equity Cash = Assets Assets – Liabilities = Owner’s equity 2. Retained earnings will change over time because of several factors. Which of the following factors would explain an increase in retained earnings?
The balance sheet connects to income statements, in turn also connected to cash flow statement. Occurrences or a change to the net cash activities of the cash flow statement affects the balance sheet. The balance sheet is useful when estimating the potential of the organization in order for them to achieve there long-term mission. However, cash flow statement displays the exchange of currency among an organization and external agents. For example, the cash flow can be affected when the company purchases products, and if the costs of the products are an outstanding amount in turn it will affect the assets on the balance sheet.
Luisa Fernanda Treviño A01231457 Agosto/13/2015 Proyecciones Financieras Financial statement forecasts * Expected future income statements * Balance sheets * Cash flows Financial statement forecasts represent an integrated portrayal of a firm’s future operating, investing and financing activities. = Future profitability, growth, financial position, cash flows, risk. Optimistic forecasts can lead the analyst to overestimate future earnings and cash flows or underestimate risk and therefore make poor investment decisions. Conservative forecasts can lead the analyst to understate future earnings and cash flows overstate risk. Focal points of the firm’s strategy * Accounting quality * Profitability * Risk General forecasting principles
We also discussed elastic and inelastic and I learned there are two kinds that affect pricing. First is "price elasticity of demand [which] is the percentage change in quantity demanded divided by the percentage change in price [and] price elasticity of supply is the percentage change in quantity supplied divided by the percentage change in price" (Colander, 2010, p. 154). Applying these to real world scenarios and applications aided in understanding the
If local prices in a country increase more than prices in another country for the same product; being is that foreign exchange forward markets are linked to interest markets; then the local currency may decline in value via its foreign counterpart, presuming there is no change with the structural relationship between the two. Balance of payments are affected when the balance of payments approach suggest that the exchange rates have come from capital transactions and trade. When the internal and external pressures are in equilibrium, this usually means the exchange rate for the equilibrium has been
Exploring the Keynesian framework, Harrod-Dommar model points out some dynamics of growth. For instance, to determine equilibrium growth rate in the economy, the balance between supply and demand for a country’s output should be maintained. On supply side, saving is a function of the level of GDP. Investment is an important component of the demand for the output of an economy as well as the increase in capital stock. Therefore, the equilibrium rate of growth is given by matching proportionate change in output with the ratio of savings-output to that of capital-output.