Rawls And Kohlberg Essay

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Lawrence Kohlberg and John Rawls were two very important philosophers of the twentieth century. Their discussions, however, seem to be quite different. On one hand for example, a huge topic for Kohlberg was his theory of moral development. On the other hand, Rawls seems to talk more about political philosophy and justice. Kohlbergs interest in morality derived from the studies of Jean Piaget, who studies the cognitive development in children. He developed his own theory of development from these studies. He put forward three levels or moral reasoning. The first level is pre-conventional, in which a child's decision is based on avoiding punishment and receiving awards. The second level is conventional, where the highest value of society is upholding the rules. The last and final level is post-conventional. In this stage, individuals follow universal moral principles that may be more important than the rules of a particular country or group. Moral education is another topic that Kohlberg spent a great deal on. Virtues and vices are said to be the basis of moral behavior. Honesty, kindness, and patience are examples of this basis. Kohlberg rejected this focus because the practice was too complex. He believed that a better approach was to focus on the stages of moral development, which are critical. He also rejected the relativist point of view in favor of the view that certain principles of justice and fairness represent the summit of moral maturity. He discovered that these principles are found in different cultures around the world. The topics that Rawls discusses are different than those of Kohlberg. One of these topics is his theory of justice. It is one of the most widely discussed topics in political philosophy. He wrote a book in 1971 titled A Theory of Justice, which explains how the logical ordering of principles of justice may answer as how should

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