Rastafarianism Essay

501 WordsOct 13, 20143 Pages
RASTAFARIAN The Emergence of Rastafarian ● The history of Rastafari begins with the colonisation of Africa, or 'Ethiopia' as it is known to believers, by Europeans. The European took many Africans as slaves, and the people of Africa were divided and sent into exile as captives throughout the world. The areas of captivity became known as 'Babylon'.. To the Africans, the exile marked the suppression of their culture by whites. They believe that the suppression of blacks in Babylon is ending and soon they will all return to 'Ethiopia' ● ● ● ● In the 1930s... ● The Rastafari movement began in Jamaica during the 1930s following a prophecy made by Marcus Garvey, a black political leader. He led an organisation known as the Universal Negro Improvement Association, to unify blacks with their land of origin. Garvey preached "Look to Africa where a black king shall be crowned, he shall be your Redeemer." This statement became the foundation of the Rastafari movement. The crowning of Emperor Haile Selassie I followed the prophecy in Ethiopia. Rastafarians saw this as the fulfilment of Garvey's prophecy. The religion takes its name from Haile Selassie's original name. Haile Selassie is regarded by Rastafarians as the Black Messiah, Jah Rastafari. He is a figure of salvation and it's believed he will redeem blacks from white suppressors, reuniting them with their homeland, Africa. ● ● ● ● The First Branch of Rastafari ● In 1935, Leonard P Howell established the first branch of Rastafari in Jamaica. Howell preached the divinity of Haile Selassie. Howell's action encouraged others to help develop and spread the message of Rasta theology. E.E. Cashmore explains: All, in their own ways, added pieces to the jigsaw, and the whole picture came together in the mid 1950s when a series of congregations of rastas appeared at various

More about Rastafarianism Essay

Open Document