Rap Genres Essay

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Levi Massine 1/31/14 English 10 Hip Hop Music And Culture Although rap music is stereotyped as being violent and a bad influence, it may surprise you that the album The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem, was one of the fastest selling albums ever. It dropped in 2000 and sold 1.76 million albums in the first week. Rap , also called hip hop ( a term coined by Keith the Cowboy) is defined as not only being a type of music but also as being a culture or a way of life. As music its defined as talking in rhyme to the rhythm of the beat. As a culture hip hop is defined as “ A culture, a way of life for a society of people who identify, love, and cherish rap, breakdancing, DJing, and graffiti(The History of Rap, 1). Rappers are also called MC’s, which stands for master of ceremonies. The are four elements to rap music, rapping, Djing/scratching, sampling, and beatboxing. The last three more pertain to the beats and background music. Rap is very important to many people not only is it their way of life, but it is also one of their emotional outlets. Hip hop started to rise in popularity in the late 1960’s in the Bronx of New York. It was said to be started in clubs and at block parties when Dj’s started to break down and loop percussion breaks of popular disco songs, but they also used funk and souls songs. At this time rappers were predominantly African Americans and Puerto Ricans. One of the first Dj’s was Dj Kool Herc. Where he performed is sometimes called the birth place of rap; 1520 Sedgewick Avenue he was from Jamaica, also he had a rap group and it was named Kool Herc and the Herculoids. He started to isolate and loop the percussion breaks. Most of the early hip hop performances were groups instead of individual performers.In the 1980s more complex forms of rap were introduced. People who pioneered rap in the 80s were Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaataa, and

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