Because this is a race-centered issue that affects certain economic demographics more than others, racism, ethnocentrisms, and classism become an important part of the issue. According to Ken Barger, “ethnocentrism can be defined as: making false assumptions about others' ways based on our own limited experience” (2004). People assume that black families choose to live in poor neighborhoods because they are uneducated and lazy. When in actuality they are doing the best they can for their families, but it comes at a price. Classim comes into play when we are talking about the “class” being affect by the poisoning.
Crime can affect the way individuals perceive others generally creating bias and prejudice within a person’s frame of thought; hopefully we can make someone think a little differently. Social structure theories generally put forth that the disadvantaged economic class is a primary cause of crime. It states that neighborhoods which are “lower class” create forces of strain, disorganization, and frustration that lead to the action of crime, they have used these to put them into classes; social disorganization, strain theory and cultural deviance. Social disorganization theory suggests that slum dwellers violate the law because they live in areas where social control has broken down. The origin of social disorganization theory can be traced to the work of Shaw and McKay, who concluded that disorganized areas marked by divergent values and transitional populations produce criminality.
Poverty may mean that crime is the only way that the working class can survive, as crime may e the only way that they can obtain the consumer goods encouraged by the capitalist advertising, resulting in utilitarian crimes such as theft. However, it isn’t always utilitarian crime that the working class commit as sometimes the alienation and lack of control over their lives may lead to frustration and aggression which results in non-utilitarian crimes such as vandalism and violence. Marxist’s sometimes argue the state and law-making are a cause of crime because they believe that all laws serve the ruling class, most law is based on protecting private property. The crimes of the working class and ethnic minorities are punished harshly while crimes of the powerful go unnoticed. The ruling class also have the power to prevent the introduction of laws that would threaten their interests.
Compare, contrast and asses the ideas of Booker T, du bois, Randall and Marcus Garvey to overcome the challenges faced by African Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centauries, African Americans were suffering greatly, due to the apparent effects of segregation. In this notion legal segregation was developing in the south while natural segregation seemed clear in the north. This was down to the realisation of the indifference of wealth between the ‘Blacks’ and the ‘whites’. Inevitably this discrimination also involved much more than just indifference of colour, blacks experienced poor working conditions violent retaliation and even lynching if the status quo of white supremacy was to be challenged.
Ferguson & Baltimore, Segregation to Separation: Prophecy Coming To Pass It is unfortunate that, the violent racial riots in Ferguson and Baltimore, that occurred after the death of clearly innocent Black youth, has diverted the public debate to ‘need for better policing’. The casualty has been obfuscation more fundamental issues like; century-old public policy of systematic social segregation, increasing economic inequality, and wholesale abdication by the state of social welfare obligations Century-Old Systematic Segregation According to The University of Chicago’s sociologist, Douglas S. Massey, “Housing segregation is both a consequence and a cause of Black poverty. Housing markets distribute not only a place to live, but they
This debate group and paper will deal with the subject of racism and specifically racism on college campuses. Is racism a problem on college campuses or not? I think in order to answer that question we must first define racism in a social problem context. According to our text, Social Problems in a Diverse Society, “racism is a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group” (Kendall 52). For the most part, the white race is typically the culprit for being racist towards minority groups, although, blacks can be racist towards Hispanics and vise versa.
It exists in ways such as employment and education. Racism serves the interests of the capitalist or employer class by dividing workers by their skin and ethnicity, reducing their potential unity and power. Economic inequalities can reduce life expectancy and a variety of negative physical and mental
Examples of whites as superiors are the black slaves, whom are bought for enslavement labor when there weren’t enough white people to travel from Europe to work and the white settlers couldn’t put indigenous people in an equal amount of groups for work when there are plenty of jobs to develop the United States economy. Nazism is racism against people who are not white and are coloured, and people who follow different religions and sexuality to the current governing
Minorities in America pursued on finding the “whiteness” in order to be placed on a higher-class level since “whiteness became a sense of property” for them . “Whiteness protected one against being an object of property” since it “insured greater economic, political, and social security” .The racial hierarchy placed individuals into certain classes based on their color, whites being the highest and the rest on the bottom. The minorities in the bottom felt insecure and found it unfair that whites received the highest ranks in society thus causing unrest between racial groups. However, even though certain minorities were passed as white, the government, which was ruled by the superior Anglo-Saxons, determined their status level in society. Nevertheless, they were definitely not in the same status level as
Imagine being born into poverty. Imagine being born African American. So what does this look like? You are subjected to a poor neighborhood, potential exposure to crime, limited financial resources, lower level schools, substandard medical services, etc. Yes, other minorities and some whites endure the same obstacles.