The idea behind this research is to try and point out some of the disparities in sentencing, and possibly offer some potential ways to reduce the problem. “Racial disparity in sentencing, historical representation of current biases, plea bargaining and racial profiling are all factors contributing to the current over-representation of minorities in the judicial system, further threatening the African American community and weakening the family. Aggregate data and statistics compiled supports the assumption that African Americans are disproportionately subjected to conditions such as racial profiling, traffic stops leading to searches and seizures yielding minor offenses that lead to incarceration, rather than probation or rehabilitation. Further, they are given much longer, disparate prison sentencing than white offenders under similar circumstances. These systematic disparate treatments contribute to a dysfunctional community and lead to the socioeconomic destruction of the African American family infrastructure.” (Coulson-Clark, et.
This is “the practice by law enforcement of considering race as an indicator of the likelihood of criminal behavior” (Robinson 530). The issue of using race to identify people is disputable because minorities feel that it is an act of inequality and also humiliating. However, the Supreme Court supports its legality as long as ethnicity is seen as an important factor that determines the detainment of an individual. Therefore, there are many pros and cons about the legality of this law enforcement technique. During times of war, racial
Challenging Racial Disparities Sara Plautz Cultural Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice CJA 344 July 25, 2011 Christopher Moreno Challenging Racial Disparities The wide-ranging effects of disparity in the criminal justice system are explored heavily. Race differences in criminal issues and racial patterns have been deep important topics open for discussion. The mystery is finding a better resolution for disparity issues in society. There are many challenges that impact the disproportionate rates of colored people in diverse neighborhoods. In our society it is assumed we are all treated equally, but in fact many times this is not true.
Disparity and Discrimination By: Candice Bowers CJS/221 - CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE WEEK 1 Disparity and Discrimination I will try to explain between disparity and discrimination in the justice system. Disparity and discrimination are different but similar in the criminal justice systems. They are different action but have the same end result. Disparity basically mean inequality in form or a difference. Then discrimination is when the action that treats someone inferior because of their race, sex, national origin or age.
RACISM AND ETHNICITY QUESTION: TO WHAT EXTENT AND HOW DOES INSTITUTIONAL RACISM OPERATE IN ONE OF THE FOLLOWING, POLICING, SCHOOLING, HOUSING/URBAN REGENRATGION THE MASS MEDIA. The principle aim of this essay is to explain the impact of institutional racism and to what extent it operates in policing in UK. Racism is any negative actions or words that are aimed at demeaning other people denying them opportunities base on their racial background. The believe that other people have superior traits than other has led to the rise of racism in the society and that includes United Kingdom (Muji & Solomon, 2010). Institutional racism ensures that people of different races receive different treatment and opportunities in public services within the society and it also denied other things such as benefits, rewards that other individual might be entitle to in normal cases.
If juries continue to use jury nullification, it will result in a weakened democratic system. Racially based jury nullification is and has been a continuous debate for a long time now. Racially based jury nullification may be a benefit in addressing an unfair justice issue while sentencing someone. When it comes to proving that discrimination exists in terms of someone’s race and affects the severity and length of the sentence issued, this is when jury nullification benefits justice issues. If a jury fails or refuses to convict a defendant in a criminal trial even though there if proof of guilt, jury nullification takes place.
Arguments: Many of these arguments entail the latter efforts of discrimination of which police officers are believed to be the catalyst for such behaviors that can continue to the highest courts. Frankly speaking, the individuals mentioned in these arguments must pass through various police officers’ hands that result in initial arrests on the basis of discrimination or otherwise. Therefore, I will focus on the entire justice system as well as police officers. Race ethnicity: The death penalty is racially discriminatory in rape cases, for example. The Supreme Court ruled it to be unconstitutional because of its biasness.
10. Promotes killing as an OK solution to a difficult problem. 11. Death sentences are handed down arbitrarily, not in a fair manner. The American Civil Liberties Union holds that the death penalty inherently violates the constitutional ban against cruel and unusual punishment and the guarantee of due process of law and the equal protection of the laws.
Racism is a form of discrimination that “stems from the belief that groups should be treated differently according to phenotypic difference” (McKenzie, 2002). Racial discrimination comes in many forms, the most obvious being public displays of racism, these can come in the form of ‘hate crimes’ which are very direct. However, perceived racism that is the interpretation of negative treatment, or uncomfortable social situations experienced by affected individuals as a direct result of race. Perceived racism can be argued to be the most influential form of discrimination in relation to health. It is commonly recognised that racial discrimination can have a number of negative consequences.
The murder of multiple people? There is no concrete standard. Every individual case has the potential for a different outcome based on factors such as race, age, mental health, sex, economic class, representation, the jury, and/or the judge. Discrimination is an inevitable part of capital punishment. These factors provide substantial evidence that the death penalty is not applied fairly and therefore should be eliminated.