Racial Disparity In Corrections Populations

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Racial Disparity in Correctional Populations Sarah R. Steiner CJA 423 September 13, 2011 University of Phoenix Racial Disparity in Correctional Populations The irrefutable evidence that minorities are disproportionate represented in the United States prison populations. Many reasons include drug offenses, three strikes law, and social economic disparity. Racial disparity in the correctional population refers to the difference in the number of minorities versus Whites represented inside institutions. Many of those who are incarcerated are not the serial killers, child molesters, or gang members but instead it is the non- violate offenders, also property crimes such as theft, and people with drug abuse problems. It this paper the subject to be analyzed is the racial disparity in correctional populations and the reasons why it happens. Statistics At the end of 2005, there were 1,525,924 persons incarcerated in state and federal prisons; 40% of these inmates were black, 35% were white, and 20% were Hispanic (Garland, Spohn, & Wodahl p. 4). The national incarceration rate for Whites is 412 per 100,000 residents, compared to 2,290 for African Americans, and 742 for Hispanics (Mauer & King, July, p. 4). The typical inmate in the United States prison systems consist of Black males between 25 and 29 making up two filths of the prison populations in 2005 whereas, Hispanic males make up 2.6% and White males consist of only 1.1% (Garland, Spohn, & Wodahl, Fall). The average Black male born today has a one in three chance that he will be incarcerated in his lifetime and Black women are also, have a higher chance than White women (Mauer & King, July, p. 1). Also Hispanic women have a one in 45 chance to be incarcerated in her lifetime. The statistics are not a positive refection on the state of the ethnic communities. “Nationwide, the rate of drug
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