“Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack of White Privilege” In Peggy McIntosh’s essay, she addressed several issues that are considered to be very important ones. She speaks of how whites are given hidden privileges, yet they don’t even realize it. I believe that the purpose for her writing this, was to bring out in the open the issues of oppression with regards to the dominant race and their “unearned privileges” that they are so oblivious to. McIntosh compared this situation to how men are more privileged and advantaged, and women are at a more disadvantaged state. In comparison, she also stated that men do indeed admit to a woman’s disadvantage, yet a man will not agree to being more advantaged, because they too are oblivious to this fact.
Affirmative action entails giving minorities a head start in areas like higher education and employment; sometimes referred to as positive discrimination. However to more conservative groups and many Republican politicians it can be seen as reverse discrimination, patronising to minorities and unfair to majorities. The first programme of affirmative action was brought in by Kennedy in 1961, the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Council (EEOC), this ensured the hiring and employment practices would be free from racial bias. Affirmative action tends to be largely supported by the Democrats, with the belief of ‘Equality of Results vs. Equality Opportunity’ in that the burdens of racism can only be overcome by taking race into account.
AJP Taylor, for example, argues that the war ‘smoothed the way for democracy’ and so there are other factors of significance, such as, suffrage campaign groups (WSPU & NUWSS) and growing equality with men. Whilst this essay will recognise the importance of the view that WWI was significant to women receiving the vote, it intends to argue that AJP Taylor’s analysis is best supported by existing evidence and as such is the most accurate view. Paragraph 1: Isolated factor (WWI) In this paragraph, you should be showing balance but ultimately arguing that even though WWI played a role in women gaining the vote, it was NOT THE ONLY REASON. In 1914, when the First World War broke out, men were required to fight for King and country. This left a large void in the workforce and allowed women to secure employment in a range of industries; from making shells
They have been wronged by being overshadowed by the white man’s inaccurate account of events. From what we can understand about their customs, we should respect the indigenous population of America. American Indians were more logical than the white men who came over to the “new world.” Ortiz points out the hypocrisy of the white men for regarding the natives “as without any laws or government” when the white men themselves were “people who ignored their own laws and governments” (Ortiz
Josephine Clark SOC-322-(WA) 2 Semester-September 2011 Affirmative action involves federal government measures for reducing institutional discrimination. The purpose of Affirmative Action is to provide opportunities for minorities and women but companies use affirmative action to create quotas. Before the government got involved with the institutional discrimination, minorities and women were denied opportunities of equal rights. Affirmative action gives special consideration to racial minorities and women, for jobs and educational opportunities. Affirmative action also gives preferential treatment to minorities because they are discriminated against by the normal operations of a society.
Her aim was to gain allegiance from middle class white women but in this process she lost esteem from the women within her own race. She played into assertive ideals and clichés in order to be recognized. The author focused too much on gaining acceptance from white people instead of having self-assurance and understanding of possibly never being fully welcomed by her aggressors. It is one thing to desire equality, but when the basis of gaining equality requires degrading your own race, it is no longer equality of race nor mankind, but only gaining appreciation based on performance. McDougald thinks that the low class black women intrude as a hindrance for the entire black race and the few who have proven their dominant are still associated with ignorance and the signification of being a black woman.
White Privilege 1 WHITE PRIVILEGE AND HOW IT RELATES TO SOCIETY AND YOU Andrea White Anthropology 270 Professor Satterlund April 28, 2013 White Privilege 2 White privilege how it relates to society and you Introduction: Define Privilege White privilege refers to the unearned benefits that some enjoy simply by having “white” skin. This privilege is at the expense of people of color but white people cannot maintain this system of privilege without losing a part of their own humanity. The characteristics of the privileged group define the societal norm, often benefiting those in the privileged group. Second, privileged group members can rely on their privilege and avoid objecting to oppression (Wildman and Davis pg. 110).
The band members are all poor and banter about the various ways they have been exploited by whites. One of the strongest points made is the suggestion that black people must do what they can to survive and not get into trouble. Ma Rainey is able to exploit the white men who exploit her by taking advantage of the fact that they cater to her as a successful artist: whether they like or not, she is called the Queen (or Mother) of the Blues for a reason. In this way, she is able to maintain some control over her career and success, unlike her instrumentalists. Levee was rejected by the white producer he depended on, then couldn’t keep his cool, and now he has fallen into the trap that has ensnared so many young black men to this day.
They’re white aren’t they?" Cecil understands that it is wrong to persecute people as long as they are white. This again shows the racist society these Americans were brought up in as it was wrong to persecute a white person because they were human but fine to persecute a black person because they were not human. In the more modern years of the twenty-first century, segregation is becoming less and less present in our society and it is now a ridiculous and inhumane
In the article “White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences through Work in Women’s Studies,” Peggy McIntosh, a well-known feminist and anti-racist activist, writes about the privileges whites are granted with. McIntosh explains white privilege as “…unearned assets that I can count on cashing in each day…” (118). As McIntosh includes in her article, a white person can talk with their mouth full, swear, and dress in secondhand clothes without it being attributed to the bad morals, poverty, or the illiteracy of their race. However, if a Mexican made the exact same choices it would be attributed to the Mexican race. Society will just say all Mexicans are rude and poor.