Race has been defined as the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. This has produced the view that Euro-Americans’ social, cultural, and economic advantaged position must be maintained at the expense of others as the normal life. The influential power of race, gender and class are explained and illustrated through the collection of essays. The dynamics of power are divided based on different social classifications. Concrete Responses The essays included present a compelling but biased study within the context of class, race and gender.
Winant describes the new idea of racial hegemony as one that “operates in societies and institutions that explicitly condemn prejudice and discrimination” (128). How do racial mobility and racial inequality relate? Racial mobility is the ability to move up and down the racial scale, and racial inequality is the lack of equal treatments between groups. Racial mobility is not racism, but it can bring on racial inequality. Nikki S. Lee’s photograph portraying the Asian female among the black community furthermore supports Winant’s claim.
Racial Formation – is a theory in which is thought that the government uses to identify certain traits to define the quality and value of certain racial groups. In doing so the government is hoping to effectively hinder minority groups by using specific socioeconomic statistics and factors. (Lecture Notes and Tutoring) 2) Compare and Contrast Prejudice and Racism- Definitions – Prejudice means to draw a preconceived thought about something without knowing fully of its workings. While racism does also stem from prejudice ways or ideology it in contrast means that someone has formed a conclusion of how a specific race or races behave or conduct themselves throughout life. Similarities and Differences – Although someone who is prejudice may not be racist, because it is possible to be prejudice against anything from religion to food or music; someone who is racist is most definitely prejudiced as well.
Color- blind racism is contemporary way of thinking about race that justifies and rationalizes racial inequalities. He claims that whites use the frames of color-blind racism to ignore the truths of racial inequality and to minimize the issues that surround it. He explains the terms of each frame of color-blind racism used by whites he goes into specific detail using various stories, examples, and interviews from different white perspectives in order to prove his point. The first point that Bonilla explains is abstract liberalism. Abstract liberalism hides all the institutional policies put in place by a country founded upon slavery, social, political, and economic inequality as if power and privilege is not still in the hands of those generations of the white upper-class who aren’t so far removed from our very recent past of blatant racial violence, economic disinvestment such as (exclusion of Blacks from land-ownership, public accommodations, equal access to jobs, housing, education), and political and legal discrimination (lack of legal help, lack of political representation, criminalization, racial profiling).
There is no proof showing that there is a difference between races. There are also people that believe that race is a pattern to geographic variation in the human species. They might also believe that ignoring race itself as biological phenomenon would be the same as ignoring reality. It could also hinder instead of helping society resolve problems resulting to inequality or prejudice. #2.
Examples and illustrations will be shown to compare and contrast Disparity versus Discrimination, Bigotry versus Racial Discrimination and how both are applied in the criminal justice system. Disparity and discrimination seems to be similar in terms but this essay will prove that to be untrue. Bigotry and racism is sometimes misunderstood to be interchangeable, but it is not. ~ “It was a wise man who said that there is no greater inequality than the equal treatment of unequals.” (Felix Frankfurter1882-1965) Pseudospeciation begins with facts that cultural differences cause humans to separate into different social groups with different language, dress, customs, and etc. Erik Erikson (1966), was known as the first person to used this term.
The professor stated that the development of different racial groups was due to the theory of genetic drift; we all originally started in the same location and spread outward. This theory got me thinking about how we form racial groups on a smaller scale and how complex it truly is. Race and ethnic group labels in America are not clearly based on criteria that everyone understand, agree with, and can easily see. As a result, someone else may label you in a way that you consider wrong and very offensive. This can instantly create an obstacle when trying to communicate even if the slur was unintended.
In “On the Theoretical Status of the Concept of Race,” Michael Omi and Howard Winant explore the different perspectives of the racial formation process. First, they look at the concept of race as an ideological construct, an illusory idea used to “meet an ideological need.” Omi and Winant refer to another historian, Barbara Fields, and how she interprets race as a tool used to solidify the boundary between freedom and slavery. They criticize the interpretation of race as an illusory construct by saying that it does not consider race-thinking’s salient and ever-present effects on social reality and also ignores the fact that race is an integral part of overall identity. Second, Omi and Winant analyze the interpretation of race as an objective condition, as a biological and scientific order. Overall, they criticize this opinion about race for three reasons: 1) it does not recognize the connection between race classification and racial meaning, which is a social (rather than biological) connection; 2) it does not consider the social and historical implications of the concept of race; and 3) it does not consider the social struggle to define ambiguous racial meanings and identifications.
a. Prejudice: Is a preconceived judgment or opinion, usually based on limited information. b. Racism as defined by Wellman’s Portraits of White Racism: System of advantage based on race. c. Racism is the advantage based on race while prejudice is a preconceived judgment or opinion. 6.
People tend to profile other people based on their race and not their actions. Racial profiling is wrong. It sends a dehumanizing message to our citizens that they are being judged simply by their color. (Racial Profiling, 1). Racial Profiling makes the assumption that an individual of one race or ethnicity is more likely to engage in a misconduct than an individual of other races or ethnicities.