Race And Intelligence Essay

1447 Words6 Pages
Discuss the controversies that have occurred around the issue of race and intelligence. There has been substantial research into the concept of intelligence. Galton (1865) was the first to propose that intelligence was hereditary and more significantly unrelated to culture, arguing that we are a product of our ancestors. Research into intelligence was continued by Spearman (1904; cited by Cooper, 2002) who postulated that a general intelligence (g) in which different types of ability were interrelated, Thurstone (1938; cited by Cooper, 2002) and Horn and Cattell (1966; cited by Cooper, 2002), the latter developing Spearman’s initial concept of g. Horn and Cattell (1966; cited by Cooper, 2002) distinguished six second-order factors, the two most important were fluid and crystallised intelligence, crystallised…show more content…
In defining intelligence, Galton proposed that higher races would continue to evolve as intelligence is an evolutionary trait however lower races would cease to develop. Consequently as intelligence is inherited he stated that races that were more intelligent should reproduce and those who were part of the ‘lower race’ should stop reproducing. Galton’s theory of eugenics had powerful consequences, Laughlin (1922) developed the ‘Model Eugenical Sterilization Law’ in which he postulated that people such as those who were feeble minded, insane, criminals should be sterilized. Laughlin collected research which supported his argument; for example, the Kullikak Family, where one feeble minded woman lead to generations of equally feeble minded and defective people (Goddard, 1913). Subsequently, the ‘Model Eugenical Sterilization Law’ and the ‘American Immigration Restriction Act’ were heavily praised by Hitler as it was considered a way to exclude ‘undesirables’ due to race and hereditary
Open Document