Queen Liliuokalani Essay

1335 Words6 Pages
The overthrow of the monarchy, and annexation of Hawai'i to the United States, continue to be controversial topics in Hawai'i today. Basically, what had happened was that a group of rebels rose up against the Queen of Hawaii when she sought to reform the Constitution of Hawaii to make the throne more powerful, and the U.S. sent in Marines to back them up and created the illusion that the rebels were more popular than they were. This led to the overthrow of the Queen and the setting up of a Provisional Government led by a Committee of Safety led by Sanford Dole and several other wealthy and prominent American businessmen. The Provisional Government didn't waste any time in persuading the President of the U.S. to officially annex Hawaii into a territory. This was illegal because there was no policy or authorization from Congress to overthrow the Queen of Hawaii. There was no provision under U.S. law that would oblige the U.S. to support a lawless insurrection in an allied country like Hawaii, and there was no legal justification for sending in the Marines to back up the rebels. This was why the U.S. government formally apologized to Hawaii for its role in the insurrection after the Blount Report was published. The queen who was overthrown was Queen Liliuokalani. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani, was born on September 2, 1838 as Lydia Lili’u Kamaka’eha. She was adopted at birth by Abner Paki and his wife, Laura Konia who was King Kamehameha the Firsts granddaughter. From age four she went to the Royal school where she became fluent in English as well as her native language. Lydia Kamakaeha Liliuokalani was the last reigning monarch of Hawai’i. She was given the position of Princess In 1891 when her brother Kalakaua went on a world tour to help expand his horizons. He appointed Princess Lili'uokalani as the heir of Hawaii. Kalakaua died in San Francisco and
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