Qualitative and Quantitative research methods are used to create research reports. They are two different ways of collecting data, so the reports can be prepared efficiently and effectively. They both have their own ways of collecting data and information, and they both have advantages and disadvantages Many people are not aware of the two types of research, Qualitative and Quantitative; they are both very important if you want to write a proper report. The purpose of this report is to compare the two methods of research. The report will discuss the differences between the two types of research and also the advantages and disadvantages of each.
As defined above formal research involves the collecting and analyzing of data and has its various types of formal research. Formal research can come in the form of basic research and applied research which are both different processes that produce similar results through different types of means. Basic research is used to gain a better understanding of issues and problems in a given organizational situation. Basic Research is more specific to the problem at hand (Sekaran, 2009) and can be used to tackle issues, topics, and problems that have a much broader focus. Applied research is research that applies to specific issues and problems that an organization is looking to address.
He also believed that different interviews are used for different purposes. Research through interview attains information and understanding of issues which are relevant to specific questions of a research project. Arkskey 1999 et al.... believed that one of the great strengths of using interviews for research is that it takes many different approaches. Structured interviews are when a researcher asks questions which are set in advance. A disadvantage to this will be that the researchers may be biased as they will already have a set of questions therefore likely to gain expected answers.
4. Report the conclusions- The researcher develops explanations for the findings. These explanations involve the extent to which the findings confirm the theories and hypotheses the study was addressing. 5.3 Publish results- publishes results of the study so that it can be replicated. 5.4 Further replication- repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances.
Unit 1 Assignment 2: WebQuest The language of research had many a description regarding the different types of research methods when it comes to knowledge. Many philosophies and criteria of how we must conduct a research using rationality and best practices is the main idea in the Research Methods Knowledge Base webpage. According to Knowledge Base and its sub-title name “Types of Questions,” there are three basic types of questions that research projects have to address before moving on to its final product or shared with the world. One example is the “Descriptive method, which is used when a study is designed primarily to describe what is going on or what exist. Public opinion polls that seek only to describe the proportion of people who hold various opinions are primarily descriptive in nature (KB).
The case study has been used as a tool for natural and social sciences as well as psychological research. One type of case study is a “psychobiography” which means a researcher utilizes psychological theory to explain the life of an individual, usually an important historical figure. Reasons to Use Case studies can aid as being valuable for informing of conditions that are considered rare or unusual, thus providing unique data about psychological phenomenon like memory, social exchange, or language. Depending on the purpose, a case study may present an individual’s history, symptoms, characteristic behaviors, reactions to situations, or responses to treatment. Case studies are also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models
Which is essential to objective reporting takes place, and scientists need to use critical thinking skills and be skeptical when analyzing data. The scientific method is an involved method to ensure that research is ethically complete (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2009). In research two types of data exist, quantitative data, and qualitative data. Quantitative data refers to data that involves numbers; behaviors or objects that can be counted, such as statistics, percentages, and formula-based analysis (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2009). Qualitative data refers to data that consists of verbal summaries, observations, or analysis.
Validity – validity depends on what the claims are made about a piece of research and how well the claims are supported by the evidence or result from the research. Various factors, listed below may affect the validity of research. * The methods used to conduct the research should be appropriate for the purpose of the research. * The presentation of the findings * The conclusion should be an automatic outcome from a discussion of the
Social facts, positivists argue, can be observed, measured, and quantified, (hence why positivism is also known as Quantitative) producing data/statistics which, when analysed can reveal correlations, patterns of behaviour, causes (cause and effect), and ultimately, laws of human behaviour. By creating data through research methods such as structured interviews, questionnaires, and social surveys using a deductive approach to the relationship between theory and results, the emphasis is placed on the testing of theories. They also believe that it is important to examine society as a whole, using a large scale (macro) methodology, and consider social facts (institutions, beliefs, norms &values of society) to have an external existence to a person, but having an influence on behaviour, and the way a person acts. Therefore, it could be said that human beings essentially are directed by social facts, by norms, values and beliefs, and are part of wider society. Durkheim’s study of suicide being an example of this, he gathered data on suicide (social fact) and members of different religious beliefs (set), by analysis of such data and found a link between Protestantism and a high rate of suicide.