However, they are opposed by Interpretivists who say they impose the researcher’s framework of ideas on the respondents and they claim this may influence the respondents’ view on the question being asked. A reason as to why some sociologists choose not to use questionnaires when conducting research is because of a chance of a low response rate. This may be a result of people who receive questionnaires being not bothered to complete and return it. This can be a problem as the people who do not respond having a different opinion to those who do respond, this does not provide accurate representativeness. A higher response rate can be obtained if follow-up questionnaires are sent, but this can add to the cost and time.
On the other hand, it may not always be easy to evaluate psychoanalysis scientifically, due the fact that some concepts, for instance insight and repression is difficult to measure. For instance if the client’s behaviour improves, then insight has take place, if not then, it seems that insight has not worked. Moreover, the psychoanalysis has been criticized, for not always having a great deal of effect. For example, figures
Qualitative and Quantitative research methods are used to create research reports. They are two different ways of collecting data, so the reports can be prepared efficiently and effectively. They both have their own ways of collecting data and information, and they both have advantages and disadvantages Many people are not aware of the two types of research, Qualitative and Quantitative; they are both very important if you want to write a proper report. The purpose of this report is to compare the two methods of research. The report will discuss the differences between the two types of research and also the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Certain individuals use this to their advantage. 2. Challenging Conventional wisdom may be difficult to do because it may not be completely accurate, but then again it isn’t always wrong. The expert is whom acquired the knowledge in order to use it, therefore it is difficult to argue with them completely,
The disadvantages of naturalistic observation include the fact that it can be difficult to determine the exact cause of a behavior and the experimenter cannot control for outside variables. Another disadvantage is people may behave differently when they know they are being watched. People may try to behave in a certain way in order to conform to what they think the researcher expects to see. And different observers may draw different conclusions from the same witnessed behavior. Advantages and Disadvantages of Survey High Representativeness Surveys provide a high level of general capability in representing a large population.
My impression of the IAT is that it may be accurate, but it really depends on the person taking it. These test are not accurate just used for research but I still feel as though it’s a better way to administer the test. The test made me think about the way they ordered to images and words and kept rearranging them making you use both your dominant and non-dominant hand to
They were give a description of a stranger with varying degrees of similarity to the participants. They found that significant effects for attitude similarity is important for recipricol liking, and provides strength for the model. However the research was carried out via a lab study, so doesn't necessarily show that the principles of need satisfaction and similarity apply to real life (Mundane Realism), so it may weaken the theory. Cordon and Crano (88) believed similarity is important in the formation of relationships who are not similar to us, we lessen the chance of being rejected. However, there are research limitations, as only attitude and personality factors were dealt with Yoshida (72)pointed out that this represents a narrow view of factors important in relationship formation.
Underreporting occurs due to individuals being dishonest regarding their behavior, therefore causing an error in the research done. A possible solution to this limitation is focusing on observed behavior, and correlating the findings with the self-reporting behavior, therefore developing a conclusion that is more in-depth. Furthermore, Article 2 emphasized that other factors can influence self-labeling as a victim in relation to work-place bullying, not just anxiety and anger. In addition, discovering a moderation effect regarding negative acts of violence and self-labeling is hard to discover due to the psychological way an individual may experience an event. Lastly, Article 3 honed on the lack of variances of deviant behavior.
Even though action research is gaining popularity in the research arena, it has been challenged if it is “a legitimate form of inquiry” (Stringer, 2014, p. 41). There are a variety of reasons why this is so. Cohen and Manion (1985) point out the main drawback in action research that it lack what is commonly understood to be scientific rigor, related to the validity, reliability and replicability of research. Nunan (2006) and Burns (1999) both identify that researcher faces problems when conducting action research: the teacher/researcher may find it difficult to critically reflect on their own teaching practice at the same time, and may lacks expertise in carrying out such a project. There can be also difficulties in identifying participants,
For a more explicit understanding, doubt by definition is the uncertainty of belief or opinion that often interferes with decision-making. Knowledge by definition is the acquaintance or familiarity gained by sight, experience, or report. The correlation between the two is that the more you doubt, the more knowledge you gain because instead of being focused on one certain conclusion, you start thinking about other possible outcomes. This is due to the fact that we use doubt, as well as being open-minded. Being open-minded means to be receptive to arguments or ideas.