Puritan Influence In The 17Th Century

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DBQ: In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social development of New England colonies from1630 to 1660s? Puritans in the 17th century endeavored to create a regimented society in the eyes of God, by means of theocracy, businesses, and communal membership resulting in improvement and decline for the New England colonies. They were best known as English Reformers with numerous documents of theological writings and sermons which became widespread over the course of the development of the colonies. The basis of their teachings came from Calvinism, and their way of life was governed on Calvinistic principles. Theocracy At the center of the town map in Document B lies the Church and the Town Hall. Visually and literally, the government and the Church held the same position. All Puritans in the New England colonies, therefore were subject to the ideals of theocracy. Since the Puritan Church and its ministers were the supreme authority, Puritans were entitled to live by a strict moral code. Document C, The Enlarged Salem Covenant, quotes, “In public or private, we will willingly do nothing to the offence of the church…We do hereby promise to carry our selves in all lawful obedience to those that are over us, in Church or Commonwealth, knowing how well pleasing it will be to the Lord.” John Winthrop, who led the English Puritans to the New World, mentioned in his famous sermon, “City upon a Hill” that the Puritans emigrating to the colonies had a pact with God to establish a holy community. In order to make a living, Puritans mainly farmed and worked in fisheries. Document B provides a map of the community. As shown, there were many individually owned family farms, as well as cow pastures and ox pastures. The Puritans believed that there was goodness in money. They had no guilt in making money because it was
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