Punishment Philosophies in the Juvenile Court System

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Punishment Philosophies in the Juvenile Court System Name Institution Course Tutor’s Name Date Punishment Philosophies in the Juvenile Court System Among every eight offenders, one is a juvenile, which makes crimes committed by young adults relatively high. As such there is need to enforce law and order through the juvenile court system. The juvenile court system was established to cater for development and social factors between adults and children. It comprises of a fully developed court process. However, the language and form of punishment used to rehabilitate and punish children differs greatly from that used in adult courts (Siegel, 2009). The juvenile court system serves two major functions; keeping juvenile offenders away from the society and rehabilitating or correcting them. Correction helps to hold juveniles accountable to their action by helping them to realize the wrong they have done. In addition, correction facilities help to educating, and imparting social skills among juvenile offenders. Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills. Over the years, the juvenile justice system in the United States have been facing a major challenge trying to balance between punishments and transforming the behavior of young offenders (Heiss, 2006). The juvenile justice system has two divergent philosophies the conservative and liberal philosophies. The conservative philosophy is based on the premise of retribution. Retribution helps to remove offenders from the society through incarceration. During the period of incarceration, a juvenile offender undergoes rehabilitation, which aims at enabling the young offender to conform to societal values when eventually
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