“Personal values are basic motivation beliefs about desirable modes or outcomes of individual behavior” (Rassin, 2008, p. 8). Values give an individual a sense of what is right from wrong and it creates standard for appropriate behavior. Person values include honesty, punctuality, self-reliance, and concerns for others. Other personal values are truthfulness and sincerity. Professionals can make inform decisions and carry added moral responsibility to those held by population in general.
James Rachels’ on Normative Cultural Relativism Every culture has its own customs, traditions and beliefs that dictate the actions of its citizens. Cultural relativism states that although practices and ethical beliefs differ from society to society, it must be accepted as good, relative to each respective culture’s beliefs and moral code. Rachels believes that an act that may be frowned upon in one culture may in fact be totally acceptable in another. The theory of Cultural Relativism puts in action the idea of what people believe is morally right and how it relates to the culture that it is practiced in. Morals concern what is right and wrong.
Q1.1 Explain what is meant by * Diversity Diversity by definition is to introduce variety, to vary or to expand one’s range of services. In the context of caring is that the service user has different needs be it cultural needs and companionship. * Treating each person as an individual. * Respecting and promoting individual views, right to express his or her own identity and life style. * Responsibility of the carer not to discriminate against others on the basis that the individual’s identity lifestyle or culture is morally superior to that of others.
How did it get to this point? A background in elitism according to Abramowitz stems from the ideology of self reliance and personal freedom. The main idea is that the individual is responsible for themselves in order to achieve the greatness that they desire. The main issue is that those who achieve restrict those who are not at their level from being heard. The counter to elitism are the theories of egalitarianism and populism, which are doctrines in which they support the rights and powers of the common people in their ongoing struggle with the political elitism, they believe that all people are equal.
This theory allows an individual to make a decision that may increase suffering, as long as the consequences are justified (Rawls, 1999). It praises the law over personal morals of the individual. On the contrary, deontological ethics has a classification of a person’s devotion to moral duty. According to Rawls (1999), a deontologist does what they say they will do and mean what they
Ethics Essay Wesley Hurt ETH/316 10/23/2013 Sherry Johnson Metz Ethics & Theory Ethics can be defined as the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, or class of people. Ethics also deals with the moral principles of an individual. Virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics are the three main categories of theory dealing with ethics and the human decision making process. According to Boylan, “Virtue ethics is also sometimes called agent-based or character ethics. It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do.” (2009) Virtue ethics is driven by what is called absolute good.
However, in other respects nationalism can be characterised by its significant divisions, this makes nationalism appear to be a collection of distinct and in some respects, sharply conflicting sub-strands. Firstly, nationalism can generally be viewed as a single doctrine due to each strands core belief in the cultural group/nation state as the supreme principle of political organisation in society. A general support of political nationalism throughout each strand of nationalism also suggests that it comprises of a single doctrine. For example, each strand (eg. Liberal, conservative) regard the nation as a natural political community, usually expressed through the idea of self determination, specifically in relation to liberal nationalism.
When it comes to the criminal justice field, ethics signify ‘a value system’ or ‘a set of moral principles’ (Braswell, McCarthy, & McCarthy, 2008). In a professional environment, professional behavior needs to be in close relationship with ethics. Professional behavior is requires to adopt organizational ethics in the criminal justice administration. Criminal justice officers must behave ethically in order to behave professionally. This concept is not applicable to
Many people think that morals and ethics mean the same thing; a set of principles and beliefs that you choose to live by. The most common definition of ethics is norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Ethics are about the behavior of a collection of people, whereas morals are highly individualistic and personal in nature. Morals are usually more as a set of rules passed down by society that we must conform to, in order to be accepted by the civilized society. Many different disciplines, institutions, and professions have norms for behavior that suit their particular aims and goals.