In his column, he writes that the fairness doctrine would reintroduce the idea that the public owns the resources of the country, the laws, and has the power to tell corporations what to do instead of them telling the public what to do (Johnson Par. 4). Alan Sears, a former federal prosecutor for the Reagan administration and current president and CEO of the Alliance Defense Fund, wrote that the fairness doctrine is irrelevant. He wrote, “At a time when television was in its infancy,
Essentially all advertising as we now know it is emotionally manipulative, but whether this is harmful or not is highly questionable. For the sake of analysis, that advertising creates a market, new needs, and generally encourages consumerism will be assumed to be true. These facts on their own could be debated until the end of time, but to focus only on analyzing the ethics of manipulative advertising, some assumptions must be made. If this is true, then it is also true that advertising and production are necessary for prosperity. If advertising has a direct effect on consumerism and production, then advertising is essentially creating jobs and markets and helping people make a living.
In the short run firms may not increase their profits because the cuts in prices but if they achieve this in long run they may experience maxim profits. However the directors try to imply polices which do not always maximize the profits their objective is to satisfy the owners by getting some profit and growing the company in order to receive bigger market share to influence prices and quantity produced. I think that the managers should firstly try to grow the company and work for normal profit and maybe in long run obtain super normal profits. In short run they try to achieve lots of other objectives regardless profit
Sociologists often carry out research which can influence and be used by governments to dictate social policy. Some sociologists argue that sociological research has a large impact on social policy, whilst others argue that it has little influence, and that investors and the powerful are what influences social policy. Governments are elected by the people, as such the government and other political parties want to please the voters. This means that new social policies can influence how the government is perceived and how popular it is, if a new social policy is not popular then the government will lose popularity, and therefore voters. Moreover, governments will not accept findings which go against their beliefs, this suggests that social policy is only influenced by sociological research if the research findings happen to agree with the governments view.
Channel 4 was originally launched on 2nd of November 1982, from the start it came with a strong public service remit. Although it was publically owned, it was funded by adverts and had a duty to serve the minority audiences that were not being catered for by the BBC and ITV. At the time of the launch of Channel 4 the nation had become slightly despondent with the current institutions, feeling that ‘They operated in the name of the nation, but increasingly it was felt that they had come to serve their own institutional requirements, which were influenced by internal political divisions and career paths.’ (Smith, A. 1999, p.xi) Channel 4 on the other hand in the words of the then Home Secretary William Whitelaw, was to have a ‘distinctive character of its own’. (Paterson, R. 1986, p.54) Organisations such as the BBC held the role of Public Service Broadcaster, whose aim had always been to serve the public to inform, educate and entertain the public as a whole.
As a member of the Ford Company, should I have to decide on recalling the vehicles or settling the case in which injury occurred I will take the option of recalling the vehicles. Yes, the decision will have an impact on the company financially but ethically it would be the right thing. Human lives are more valuable than money. Placing dollar values on human lives allowing them to die or be seriously injured rather than pay the cost to repair faults in vehicles is unethical. Consumers and society look at organizations to be trustworthy, responsible and held accountable for all their actions.
All they did is reverse the order of information. Furthermore, Simon contends that people don’t buy what you do, but why you do it. The goal is to do business with people who believe what you believe. And he offers some theories from biology to enhance the explanation of people’s behavior. In addition, Simon mentions the law of diffusion of innovation which tells if we want mass market acceptance of an idea, we cannot have it till we achieve this point between 15% and 18% of market penetration.
The positive side is that for the most part, new stations will broadcast the truth. This helps insures that the people know the true pros and cons of the two major candidates, instead of just the paid advertising. News reporting also has adverse effects, they tend to only display and talk about the democratic and republican parties and thus only show two or even only one side on a specific issue. This can be extremely bad for the American people. If the people don't know all the different potential solutions, how can they be expected to choose the best one?
However, if the U.S. was ever to compete, the companies they selected should have already been capable of raising the funds. The Strategic Sourcing policy states, “In cases where there may be important first mover advantages, governments can help firms from their countries attain these advantages”. I think that the U.S. was trying to utilize this strategy by investing in small companies (they didn’t do their research) and wanted to move quickly in order to gain an advantage. The most unclear part of the session was about how much money was actually lost in the investments that the U.S. government made in the
The Disadvantage and Advantage of Grants Menhyon Baker Comm/215 January 24, 2011 Doretta Zemp The Disadvantage and Advantage of Grants Grants are widely used by non-profit organizations, and by institutions that require funding from outside sources. Using grants as a source for financial funding could be a disadvantage to the beneficiary; however, grants can also be an advantage. “The grants that go to local governments’ help municipalities provide basic services and avoid cutting government jobs, thereby reducing unemployment” (2010, para 4). When seeking funds for a non-profit organization, the beneficiary must be aware of the drawbacks. Funders can hold back funds because of the careful way the money is track, and because seeking funds usually consist of large amount of paperwork the process can slow down the response time.