Ptlls Theory Assignment 4 - Ground Rules

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Taks: Analyze different ways to establish ground rules with learnerswhich underpin behavior and respect for others # Introduction: Why Ground Rules At All It is a matter of experience that, where-ever a group of people is living or working together, rules and regulations are in place which govern the coexistence / cooperation. Research (Tuckman 1965, from: Francis M et al. 2009, p22) shows that the establishment of norms and rules is not only a natural part of group development, but also a crucial one as groups usually don't start to function as a working unit without them. Their absence means chaos and anarchy, which usually hampers establishing a fruitful cooperation and a peaceful coexistence - or even prevents this from happening at all. # Different Ways of Setting Ground Rules Despite forming almost by natural law, ground rules come in several flavors. These differ in respect of the degree to which they are negotiable by the group members. At the extreme ends of an according scale we find the non-negotiable -so called institutional- rules, and the fully negotiable group-defined rules. According to these different flavors there is a variety of ways to define and establish ground rules. Which of these ways is the most appropriate in a given teaching environment depends on the maturity and learning motivation of the audience, as well as on the matter taught and the setting within which the teaching takes place: managerial staff paying good money for the privilege of attending a seminar about the latest team leading techniques will act differently from prison inmates who may have been sent to a key skill course without having been asked. The main thing to consider is the effect of the setting process on rule acceptance, the key being to take the attendees as much on board as possible. Institutional rules are perceived as externally set, and
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