As a living laboratory Galapagos island have a rich scientific history! And today I am going to tell you the location, its brief history and what Charles Darwin’s discoveries on Galapagos island. The Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean, 600 miles west of Ecuador, which is on the western coast of South America. Their first recorded discovery was on March 10, 1535, by Fray Tomas de Berlanga, who happened upon them accidentally while sailing from Panama to Peru. Some historians believe the islands were visited and used by groups of Incas as early as a century prior to de Berlanga's discovery, but this has never been proven.
Tension [pic] d. Compression 6. What is Earth's core composed of? [pic] a. hydrogen and iron b. magnesium and silicon [pic] c. iron and nickel d. nickel and silicon 7. A large ocean wave that is generated by vertical motions of the seafloor during an earthquake is called a(n) __________. a. upwelling current b. seiche [pic] c. tsunami d. tidal range 8.
When Darwin was on the HMS Beagle it helped him make theories of natural selection and evolution. Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (1830-1882) was following the foot-steps of Darwin. Thomson’s boat was called the HMS Challenger. He used this boat to go all over the world in sea collecting marine specimen. The voyage that Thomson did it had birthed oceanography.
Alexandria Yost 10 March 2014 Mr. Bonvillion Geography History on Tokyo On the date July 8, 1853, The United States Commodore Matthew Perry led the Navy’s East India squad into Urada Harbor in Edo, modern-day Tokyo, Japan. That opened the Asian nation to western trade and influenced after more than 250 years of “isolation” under Tokugawa shogunate. With the arrival of Commodore Perry, the “Black Ships” started a chain of economic, political and social crises. After 160 years of the arrival of Perry, these maybe some things you may not know about Tokyo. First, Tokyo began as a village known as Edo.
Student Name Professor Name Course Number Date Impact of Darwin’s Experience during the Voyage of the Beagle on His Idea of Natural Selection Darwin embarked on a two year sail on 27 December 1831. His experiences and during the journey complimented much of what had been of interest to him since childhood. The journey gave birth to one of his greatest theories on human origin. Notably, the journey influenced Darwin’s view of the world as seen from the records, books and films as “The Voyage of the Beagle (Naff 157). Darwin travelled to the coast of South America and areas around the cost.
Wegener's theory also provided an alternate explanation for the formation of mountains (orogenesis). The theory being discussed during his time was the "Contraction theory" which suggested that the planet was once a molten ball and in the process of cooling the surface cracked and folded up on itself. The big problem with this idea was that all mountain ranges should be approximately the same age, and this was known not to be true. Wegener's explanation was that as the continents moved, the leading edge of the continent would encounter resistance and thus compress and fold upwards forming mountains near the leading edges of the drifting continents. The Sierra Nevada Mountains on the Pacific coast of North America and the Andes on the coast of South America were cited.
Plate tectonics (also known as the conveyor belt principle) is a scientific theory that describes the large-scale motions of the Earth’s lithosphere, building on concepts from the theory of continental drift (movement of the Earth’s continents relative to each other). The lithosphere is broken up into 7 main tectonic plates which move from 0-100mm annually. It is thought that the continents once formed a single land mass called Pangea that drifted apart, this is the start of the main idea of plate tectonics. In 1596, Abraham Ortelius first made the speculation that continents might have ‘drifted’ but the concept was developed further by Alfred Wegener in 1912. Presently, Earth Scientists agree on the observation and assumption that the plates have moved with respect to one another, but they still debate as to how and when.
Wenger’s proposition was that the continents were slowly moving along with tectonic plates and that was why they shifted position on the earths surface, the evidence to support his theory was the same plant fossils and similar rock formations all found on different continents. Wenger believed that the continents had once formed to make one whole continent known as Pangea, which is Greek for ‘all the lands’. According to Wenger’s theory Pangea began to break up about 225-200 million years ago and eventually fragmented into the continents we know
In the mid 1860s, along with other islands around the Pacific, the people of Tokelau were stolen from their islands to become labor workers in Peru and at the same time, missionaries from the Protestant and Catholic churches arrived to spread their beliefs (Glenn 9). Much of these missionaries were recruited from Samoa to help overcome the language barrier, as it was presumed that it was similar (Glenn 9-10). The Tokelauan language had been exclusively oral, while Samoan was used as the written language (Hovdhaugen 54). Due to the dwindling resources from natural causes in the mid twentieth century, the government encouraged its people to migrate to further their education (Glenn 10). It seemed natural to take advantage of the free association with New Zealand.
However, body piercing and tattooing have been around for centuries. According to Welch (2001), “Tattooing and body piercing are time honored traditions in cultures throughout the world.” These two forms of body art prove the fact that history repeats itself. As far back as biblical days, body piercing and tattooing were practiced among different cultures and in different geographical regions. “Early Christians used tattoos as symbols of recognition until 787 AD, when tattoos were banned by papal edict. Captain Cook is credited with bringing this tradition to western culture following his Tahitian expedition in 1771.