Pt. Reyes

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Point Reyes Ecology Report Chapter One Land Formation and Geology The Point Reyes National Seashore is found on the coastline of the Pacific Ocean of Northern California. Point Reyes' geology is separated from that of mainland Marin County by the San Andreas Fault. Point Reyes is founded on ancient granites and gneisses. The area includes oceanic rocks, landslides, rivers, beaches, and more. The Pt. Reyes Peninsula is what geologists may call an “immigrant” because it has literally immigrated into it’s present location. The peninsula is established by the San Andreas Fault line and the plate tectonic movements in the area. The plate that the Peninsula sits on move at an average rate of 2 inches per year and has moved up the coast from Monterey Bay in the past 15 million years! Cultural Past and History Point Reyes extends back to 5,000 years to the Miwok Indians who were the first human inhabitats of the Peninsula. To this day, there are over 120 known village sites existing in the park. In honor of the Miwok Indians, there is a recreated Miwok Village, called Kule Loklo, existing in the area. At Drake’s Beach one can also visit the Ken Patrick Visitor Center where they can learn about the famous explorers who set foot in the area. Sir Francis Drake debarked in the area in 1579 as the first European to do so. Later on, during the 19th and 20th centuries, government officials established many lifesaving stations and a lighthouse to prevent fatalities in the dangerous coastal waters of Pt. Reyes To learn more about the Pt. Reyes culture and history, many ranger-guided programs are available such as “On Shaky Ground”, “Kule Loklo Walk”, the Daily Ranger program, “A Look Into the Lens”, “Illuminating the Pt. Reyes Light”, “Journey of the Whales”, “Historic Lifeboat Station Open House”, “Experience Elephnat Seals”, or “The Wildflower Walk”.
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