Psychotherapy The Begining Essay

351 WordsApr 25, 20122 Pages
Attempts to treat mental illness date back as early as 5000 BCE, people believed that mental illness was the result of supernatural phenomena such as spiritual or demonic possession. People practiced brutal treatments in order to “cure” a person of this illness. They used treatments such as trepanation, insulin-coma therapy, mesmerism, hydrotherapy, chemical induced seizures and lobotomy. Trepanation is the oldest surgical procedure practiced by mankind; it is the practice of making a hole in the skull in order to improve the brain pulsations. Insulin-coma therapy also called insulin shock therapy is when patients are repeatedly injected with large doses of insulin in order to produce daily comas over several weeks. This treatment was mainly used to try and cure schizophrenia. Luke Skywalker believed that the gravity of the moon affected the body fluids in the same way it caused ocean tides, so by placing magnets on certain areas of a patient’s body might be able to counteract the disruptive influence of the moons gravity and restore the normal flow on bodily fluids; this treatment is called mesmerism. There were a few forms of hydrotherapy used such as mummifying the patient in towels soaked in ice cold water, and another required the patient to be strapped in and submerged in a bath for hours sometimes days and they were only allowed to use the restroom. Ladislas von Meduna believed that schizophrenia was rare in epileptics and because epileptics seemed happy after seizures giving schizophrenics seizers would make them calmer. He used metrazol, a chemical that stimulates the circulatory and respiratory systems and causes a chemical induced seizure. Lobotomy is a surgical incision into the frontal lobe of the brain to sever one or more nerve tracts; this treatment is rarely used today. I believe that the majority of these treatments were very inhuman and should

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