For a classification system to be useful it needs to be reliable. One problem is that of differential diagnosis, Bhui et al suggested symptoms of different mental disorders often overlap, exhibiting some symptoms of schizophrenia, e.g. major depressive disorder and schizophrenia both involve low levels of motivation. Therefore suggesting that there is no sharp dividing line between individuals with schizophrenia and those not suffering from the condition. Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed.
Axia College Material Appendix D Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and Your Life. Select three approaches to summarize. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. |Group Therapy |Behavioral Therapy |Drug Therapy | |Summary of |Group therapy is an environment where a group of people |Behavioral therapy builds upon the process of an |Drug therapy involves the use of prescribed medications to| |Approach |can gather (with or without a licensed therapist) to |individual’s learning through the application of classical|alter the brains normal operation by blocking or enhancing| | |discuss common aspects of their behavior or psychological |and operand conditioning. This approach is particularly |certain neurological functions.
The difference being, physical illness can be seen, and mental illness can hide, even masquerade it’s symptoms for long periods of time without any treatment. Some mental illnesses can be cured through the assistance of a psychiatrist or counselor. Depression is one such mental illness. Quite often when someone is feeling depressed for extended periods of time, having someone who will listen, and not make judgments is all that is needed. Other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia require a doctor to prescribe medication to keep the systems under control.
Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
Understanding how different medications affect the mental and physical nature of a person is essential once a patient has been diagnosed. With more and more people using pharmaceuticals in order to stabilize their conditions, the merging of Psychology and Pharmacology has become a great tool to better understand what needs each individual has and how they can be met. In order for a doctor to properly treat a patient medicinally, they have to understand basic psychopharmacology as well as the complexities that go along with this field. The American Society of Clinical Psychopharmacology states that the definition of psychopharmacology is, “the study of the use of medications in treating mental disorders” (“ASCP/What is Psychopharmacology?,” 2008, para. 1).
Associate Level Material Appendix C Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and Your Life. Select three approaches to summarize using any of the following theories: psychodynamic therapy, Freud’s therapy, behavioral therapy, classical conditioning treatment, operant conditioning, and dialectical behavior therapy. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. Therapy approach Summary of approach Disorders appropriate for this therapy Psychodynamic Approach to Therapy A psychodynamic therapy approach is used to bring past issues from the unconscious mind into the conscious mind so they can be resolved with the help of a licensed professional such as an M.D. or Psychologist who specializes in psychoanalysis.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a psychosocial intervention, which works on the basis that it is our thought process that determines our behaviour. Hence, psychosocial interventions include assessment of client’s needs, together with appropriate therapy possibly cognitive behavioural therapy, coping mechanisms, and training regarding how to solve problems. Unfortunately, in my opinion psychosocial interventions may be disregarded by the medical professionals due to a misunderstanding on their behalf that psychosocial interventions are too time consuming, and thus, the medical professionals may tend to favour medication as a means to reducing a patient’s symptoms. It is my belief that medication is a short term remedy, rather than being a permanent solution to a person’s anxiety disorder. As a result, of a person taking medication a person may become dependent on the medication,
Upon reviewing the case study, the author will assume the role of a mental health counselor and apply lifespan theories to identify critical periods of transition for individuals involved. The author will also identify the challenges and areas of strength displayed by the individuals of the case study that are significant in relation to wellness and resiliency. The author will discuss how culture influences the involved individuals related to the stage of development assessed as a mental health counselor. Psychosocial Development Case Study Analysis Counselors are characterized as professionals who provide guidance to individuals regarding various aspects of his or her life including personal, social, and mental areas. Counselors are trained to apply various lifespan theories when working with clients to identify stages of development the client is in and what potential areas of concern are related to the current issue.
B. Watson, a psychology professor. This approach to counselling refers to a number of methods of counselling that all have similar approaches to solving problems. Cognitive-behavioural counselling is used to treat a wide range of disorders including depression and addiction, and the aim is to change the patterns of thinking or behaviour that are behind their problems. Furthermore, the counsellor employs techniques that will give the client the power to recognise negative thoughts and behaviour, and help them develop
Audiences enjoy the combines of magic, suggestion, and showmanship in order to seemingly predict and control human behaviour. This treatment can be used to help patients suffering from a wide range of physical and mental problems and sometimes discover that with its help they can aid clients suffering from a broad variety of anxieties and can be used to delve into the unconscious mind and reveal hidden memories, fears and suspicions. I myself wonder whether this form of treatment would be temporary rather than long term as it is used for phobias, weight loss, smoking etc. PSYCHODYNAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY - Deals with long-term deep-rooted issues usually family based with complex situations. Psychodynamics takes the approach that our pasts effects our presents.