Running Head: PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction This paper is intended to discuss the psychoanalytic theory as developed by Sigmund Feud. The paper will also discuss the differences between the relational and isolated-mind view of human and emotion distress. I will also discuss the Heinz Kohut’s psychology of the self. I will also take time to highlight the differences between a theory that understands emotional distress as emanating from the inside of the patient alone versus theories that understand distress as emanating from the relational contexts in which self objects needs are not being met. Further still, I will discuss the differences between the theories that see the patient’s behavior as coming from patients mind alone versus the theories that see the patient as reacting to his/her environment.
Approaches to Clinical Psychology Psychotherapy engages both the client and the clinician in settings where feelings, emotions and concerns are expressed. In clinical psychology, clinicians make suggestions to alter behaviors and attempt to train the way individuals think. Clinical psychology relies on the use of four major approaches to treat individuals as well as groups in therapeutic settings. These approaches are psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic and family systems. While there may be many similarities within the goals and purposes of the approaches, each approach has unique characteristic, which creates differences in the therapeutic interventions between the clinicians and their patients.
It states that both counseling and clinical psychologists are trained to provide counseling and psychotherapy. In the context of mental health, counseling is generally used to conduct a relatively brief treatment that is focused mostly on behavior. It often targets a particular symptom or problematic situation. The role of the counselor is to offer suggestions and advise for dealing with it. Psychotherapy on the other hand, is generally a longer term which focuses more on gaining an insight into chronic physical and emotional problems.
Section A Briefly describe an approach of your choice. BEHAVIOUR THERAPY A brief introduction to behavior therapy The term behaviour therapy is very often interchanged with behaviour modification. Behaviour modification can be defined as “the attempt to alter human behaviour and emotion in a beneficial manner according to the laws of modern learning theory”. Contemporary behavior therapy can be divided into four areas of development and these are: (1) classical conditioning, (2) operant conditioning, (3) social learning theory and (4) cognitive behavior therapy (Corey, 2009). The therapeutic process Goals are of fundamental importance in behavior therapy.
This approach can be used for substance abusers, or people with severe disorders that impair their ability to function in normal living. Therapeutic Goal The goal for the therapist is to translate his or her psychodynamic understanding and emotional experience of the client and the team into clinical interventions that have a practical, positive and measurable effect on the client's ability to plan and pursue his or her life. Treatment Strategies In all of their work with clients, milieu therapists draw upon a psychodynamic understanding of client experience and behavior. For example, in response to a client who is persistently disruptive in therapy groups, the milieu therapist might offer an interpretation, set a limit or ask the client to leave, encourage other group members to give the client feedback on the effect of the behavior on the group, and/or call upon the rest of the staff to consider what is being expressed for the client group through this behavior. Similarly, when a client refuses to apply for a job, after agreeing to do so as part of his or her treatment plan, the milieu therapist must determine the most effective intervention.
Treatments and Therapies 1.1 Evaluate three approaches to treating mental disorders. Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsession-compulsion to sexual deviation. Counselors, clinical psychologists and psychotherapists often work directly in this field in order to understand abnormal psychology. There are several methods used by psychologists to treat mental disorders, I shall be outlining three of those in this essay, namely the psychoanalysis, biological therapies and the behavioural methods respectively.
Dina Jones 02/15/2014 When it comes to the postmodern therapy this focuses on the critical analysis and common beliefs and checking on the value in a person’s life. The therapist has questions in the mental health. When it comes to a relationship between their therapist and a patient it is more of collaborative than authoritative and the change come through and opens the dialogue. There are three main types of postmodern therapy and these are: Narrative Therapy, solution-focused Therapy, and collaborative language systems and they are all have to do with solving problems, going through a person’s thoughts and behaviors and the short-term approach. When it comes to the postmodern therapy they use the training videotapes and writing of three prominent postmodern therapists: Michael White, Bill O'Hanlon, and Harlene Anderson.
Person Centred Therapy [Name of the writer] [Name of the institution] Person Centred Therapy Introduction Person-centred therapy is a branch of psychological aid that treats a patient orally, wherein he patient is provided the opportunity to develop through proper encouragement their self of self-worth in order to establish how their attitudes, feelings as well as typical behaviour is affecting their life in a negative manner. Carl Rogers, the renowned American psychologist, introduced the humanistic approach towards psychology, and person-centred therapy is one of his most famous works. It is a distinctive approach to understanding how the human personality and relationships work together to form an individuals perception of themselves. Person centred therapy is applied in a wide array of domains such as counselling, education, organizations, work settings or psychotherapy. Rogers introduced this type of therapy in the 1940’s and 1950’s, and is generally used by psychotherapists around the world due to its humanistic approach towards treating the patient.
Application: Psychopharmacology and Mental Health Counselor Sabrina Anderson Walden University Abstract This paper will explain the boundaries regarding recommending and prescribing medications to clients as a mental health counselor. The mental health counselor’s role in educating the client about the medication and whom the client would be referred to for the medications. Also I will discuss what information would be given to the professional the client was referred to and how as a mental health counselor I would interact with the other professional. Psychopharmacology and Mental Health Counselor: Boundaries regarding recommending and prescribing medications as mental health workers we must have a basic understanding of the behavioral medications available. It is important for the counselor to understand the risks and benefits of the medication and communicate this effectively so the client has a clear understanding of the treatment options.
In other words, a person’s experience or behavior is caused by how the situation is interpreted. During psychotherapy with CBT, the therapist works with the patient in modifying the dysfunctional thinking that causes the symptoms. Also, the therapist works to modify the underlying beliefs that are causing the dysfunctional thinking. The “General Cognitive Model” states that first a situation occurs, then a person has automatic thoughts and automatic images, and finally the person reacts emotionally or behaviorally. Another important aspect of CBT is the “Cognitive Triad,” which says that most dysfunctional thinking falls under one of three categories: Negative view of the self, negative view of the future, or negative view of the world.