Psychology Perspectives Essay

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PSYCHODYAMIC PERSPECTIVE Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a clients psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. In this way, it is similar to psychoanalysis, however, psychodynamic therapy tends to be more brief and less intensive than psychoanalysis, and also relies more on the interpersonal relationship between client and therapist than do other forms of depth psychology. In terms of approach, this form of therapy also tends to be more eclectic than others, taking techniques from a variety of sources, rather than relying on a single system of intervention. It is a focus that has been used in individual psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, family therapy, and to understand and work with institutional and organizational contexts. Most psychodynamic approaches centered around the idea that some maladaptive functioning is in play, and that this maladaption is, at least in part, unconscious. The presumed maladaption develops early in life, and it is posited that in later years the client will begin to feel some dissonance in their day to day lives as a function of the paradigm. The psychodynamic therapist first intervenes to treat the discomfort associated with the poorly formed function, then helps the client acknowledge the existence of the maladaption, while working with the client to develop strategies for change. According to one psychoanalytical view, depression is a condition in which unacceptable feelings of guilt or anger are not overtly expressed, but are turned inwards. These feelings are associated with an early loss experience. The person feels that destructive urges have driven away someone he loved but also ambivalent towards, or else he feels angry with the lost person for deserting him. More recent losses reawaken these feelings. The fact that depression

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