The main psychotherapies discussed in this unit include psychoanalysis, humanistic therapies, cognitive therapies, and group and family therapies.
This therapy assumes that many disorders stem from repressed impulses and conflicts (often in childhood). Psychoanalysts such as Freud believed the patients free associations, resistances, dreams (latent content or censored meaning), and transferences (the patients transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships) and the therapists interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allows the patient to gain self-insight. This type of therapy may help in providing the patient with evidence of a particular behavioral pattern.
* The assumption that repressed memories exist is questionable.
* Interpretations are hard to refute.
* This type of therapy is slow and expensive.
2. Humanistic Therapy:
Therapists aim to boost self-concept by helping people to become self-aware and self-accepting. They tend to focus on the present and the future (vs. the past), conscious thoughts, and promoting growth and fulfillment (vs. curing illness). Two main types:
(a). Person-Centered Therapy- It was developed by Carl Rogers; therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients growth. It is called nondirectivetherapy and the therapist refrains from directing the client toward certain insights. It makes use of Active Listening, empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies, and Unconditional positive regard.
(b). Gestalt Therapy- This type of therapy was developed by Fritz Perlsand it is part psychoanalysis, part humanistic with an emphasis on helping people become more aware and able to express their feelings, and to take responsibility for their feelings and actions
3. Behavior Therapy
Behavioral therapists apply learning principles to...