Psychology made simple by Alan E Masakhalia Essay

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PSYCHOLOGY MADE SIMPLE Is a brief introduction to psychology for college students © August 2008 Author Alan E Masakhalia +254 722 33 05 11 alarrnies@yahoo.com A former lecturer at PREMESE AFRICA DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE CHAPTER 1 Introduction and Definition ………………………….…………….…….… 4 Relevance of psychology…………………………….……………………...4 Scope……………………….……………………………………….……….5 Conscious and Unconscious situations....………………..……….…………7 CHAPTER 2 – PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES. The two schools of thought ………………………………………………..10 Psychoanalytic theory……………………………………………….……..13 Defense Mechanisms……………………………………………..………..21 CHAPTER 3 – PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. Personality ……………………………….….……………………………..26 Freudian concept of personality…………….……………………..……….27 How personality develops to abnormality…..……………………….……..28 CHAPTER 4 – PROGRESSION OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR. Stress….…………………………………..………..………………………30 Depression………….………………………………………………………35 Psychoses………………………….…………….…………………………37 Neurosis………………………………………………….…………………38 Mental illness………………………………………………………………41 CHAPTER 5 – PSYCOTHERAPY AND OTHER THERAPIES Counselling…………………………………………………………………47 Introduction to Psychotherapy………………………………………..……50 Relevance of therapy………………………….……………………………51 Types of therapy……………..…………..…………………………………51 BIBLIOGRAPHY …………………………………………..……………57 DEFENITION OF TERMS. Consciousness – acting while sober and in charge acts done knowingly/intentionally Personality – a persons characteristics as concerns behaviour ,motivation traits etc Abnormality – acts that are inconsistent with societies expectations and norms Psychotherapy – the talking cure, no pills Freudian – belonging to Sigmund Freud e.g. his theories Oedipus complex – situation where the boy child admires the mother and views the

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