Psychology Erq Essay

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Outline the Ethical and Cultural Considerations in Diagnosis Diagnosis is defined as the identification of groups or patterns of mental symptoms that reliably occur together to form a type of disorder. Although the many different diagnoses known in the world today there are both cultural and ethical considerations to think about. Cultural considerations include culture bound syndrome, cultural blindness and cultural bias while the ethical considerations include labeling and stigmatization, self-fulfilling prophecy, confirmation bias, racial bias and lastly powerless and depersonalization. Diagnosing mental disorders are very delicate processes. Psychologists and clinicians must take precautions when making a diagnosis, as once a diagnosis is made, the life of an individual may be changed forever. Concepts and perception of abnormality can differ between cultures and this can have a significant effect and influence over the validity of diagnosis. Behavior that seems abnormal in one culture may be seen as perfectly normal in another culture, and therefore clinicians must take into account cultural considerations when making a diagnosis. One cultural consideration is cultural bound syndrome. Cultural bound syndrome is defined as some abnormalities or disorders that are thought to be culturally specific. An example of a culturally bound syndrome is Koro that is found in China. It is seen where men believed that the penis is shrinking and that it will eventually withdraw into the stomach and cause death. Symptoms of this include fear and anxiety and attempts to put weights on their penis in the attempt to prevent it from retracting. As this disorder is normally only found in China, some diagnostic manuals perhaps will not include it but many do. Doctors diagnosing mental disorders need to be aware of this, and the DSM-IV takes this into account ‘a clinician who

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